The Nobel Peace Prize 2016 Juan Manuel Santos #5

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Nobel Peace Prize 2016!!!!

juan-manuel-santos

Juan Manuel Santos Calderón is the 32nd and current President of Colombia and sole recipient of the 2016 Nobel Peace Prize.

Why the Nobel Committee choose him?

The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to award the Nobel Peace Prize for 2016 to Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos for his resolute efforts to bring the country’s more than 50-year-long civil war to an end.

This War has cost the lives of at least 220,000 Colombians and displaced close to six million people.

The Norwegian Nobel Committee said the award should also be seen as a tribute to the Colombian people who, despite great hardships and abuses, have not given up hope of a just peace, and to all the parties who have contributed to the peace process. This tribute is paid, not least, to the representatives of the countless victims of the civil war.(www.nobelprize.org)

soldier-uniform-army-weapon-41161In addition originally, He is a hardliner on the rebels. 2006 to 2009, while serving as defense minister He dealt a series of blows against the FARC guerrilla group, including the rescue of Fernando Araújo Perdomo, the death of FARC Secretariat member Raul Reyes in a 2 March 2008. So he attain eminence among their own people. However after he became president, He averted his eyes on how to end the civil war fundamentally. The BBC said “A Hawk turned into A Dove”

Colombian Civil War

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Despite abundant underground resources such as iron ore, oil, natural gas, Colombia displaced millions of people who end up as refugees and is branded the biggest drug market.  Why? Colombia take the long civil war.

Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) began as a peasant uprising in 1964. What was the will of the people who started FARC?

Anyway this War has cost the lives of at least 220,000 Colombians and displaced close to six million people.

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220,000 Colombians were died

6,000,000 people were displaced

Colombian Civil War is one of the most prolonged civil war in recent history and It is only armed conflict in the Americas.

 

PEACE Is Started!!!

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By the mediation of Cuban President Raul Castro, Rodrigo Londono and Santos pledge to a peace agreement in 2016-09-26.

Pen used in their signature is made from real bullet shell used is civil war. In pen grip “The bullet record our past. Education is our future.” is written in Spanish.

After signing a peace agreement consisting of 297, President Santos give white dove badge to Londono. White dove badge is used for years on Santos’s clothes. The Londono locate it into the chest and smiled. The two shook hands with each other.

Why peace agreement is rejected?

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Their rejection is because of detail contents of a peace treaty. 

War crimes like drug trafficking and kidnapping of civilians in the FARC are exempted from obligation. And It ensures the legitimate political participation.

They who lost a family or whose family were taken hostage in FARC are against what is negotiated. Because It is too generous to rebels.

Yes! 49.78%   No! 50.21%

But voter turnout was 37%. Dissenting votes is 57,000 more than vote yes.

President Santos said “We dedicate this award to people suffering from civil war and millions of victims” and “We go a little bit and We get very close to peace.” Santos held a national dialogue for the restoration of peace after the vote.

So, I find a similar situation.

  •  Colombia civil war for 52 years 220,000 died
  • Mindanao civil war for 40 years 140,000 died

It is really similar. At the same time, I have many questions.

Why Mindanao’s peace agreement is not rejected? What is the difference? How did they use escape clauses? What is the difference?

Now MILF : Moro Islamic Liberation Front.

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This 2nd Peace memorial is set up in the inside of MILF at 2016. It is amazing!!!!!!

1st Peace memorial is set up in 2014. Why? By mediation of HWPL, 40 years of Catholic and Muslim religious war was over.

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After 2 years, 10,000 people are in line to greet the HWPL. I was deeply moved by the news.

“Lee, brought a powerful message that adds to the power to achieve peace that we hope and desire. It means HWPL and MILF are partner for peace.” – MILF chairman of Al-Hajj Murad Ebrahim

What is to be done about Colombia civil war?

I think they need more comfort. We have many different emotions such as happiness, anger, sadness, and annoyance.

So Respect and communication is needed. It looked like easy but It is really hard.

Finally I think Colombia need to learn ‘how HWPL achieve peace in Mindanao’.

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376 nominations : 2016 Nobel Peace Prize will be announced tomorrow

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2016 Nobel Peace Prize will be announced tomorrow!!!

wow

2016-10-7 11 am. Everything will be determined.

There are 376 candidates for the Nobel Peace Prize for 2016 out of which 228 are individuals and 148 are organizations.

How Are the Nobel Laureates Selected?

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Who will win the Nobel peace prize?

Who are you supposed to root for? ‘Who will win the Nobel peace prize?’ is a name of article that The Guardian writes. The Guardian choose 5 nominees. Aren’t you curious? Let’s see list.

  • Syrian White Helmets
  • Angela Merkel
  • Pope Francis
  • Greek islanders
  • Juan Manuel Santos and Timochenko

Syrian White Helmets

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There has been no more dangerous place in the world to be a first responder for most of that time. Their motto throughout Syria’s withering conflict has been “to save one life is to save all of humanity”

Angela Merkel

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In his speech to the UN refugee summit in New York in September, Barack Obama thanked Merkel and the Germans for their efforts in dealing with the refugee crisis.

Pope Francis

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There are many liberals who argue that the pope’s compassion for the poor and his environmental credentials are outweighed by his unbending support for traditional Catholic teaching on abortion and birth control.

Greek islanders

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“What we saw was ordinary people, with no order from above, respecting tradition and acting out of sheer hospitality and solidarity. What they did shows the best of humanity in the simplest way.” Helena Smith

Fisherman Stratis Valiamos, 40 said, “People say ‘you’re a hero,’ but this isn’t heroism, it’s the normal thing to do”.

Juan Manuel Santos and Timochenko

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The Colombian president, Juan Manuel Santos, and the leader of the Farc rebel group, Rodrigo Londoño, known as Timochenko, were considered leading contenders for the awards for signing a peace deal last month to end 52 years of war.

Who will win the Nobel Peace Prize 2016?

 Nobel Peace Prize will be announced tomorrow. I’m throbbing 🙂

 

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With malice toward none, with charity for all … let us strive on to finish the work we are in, …to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations. (Abraham Lincoln)

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The Nobel Peace Prize 2007 “Al” Gore #4

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“Al” Gore

al-gore

“Al” Gore is an American environmentalist and politician.

I first know him as a environmental activist. He is famous.

WHY?

Now you know? He deliver a talk to warn the world about the dangers of global warming more than a thousand times!!!

The Nobel committee indicate that “Global warming is a serious risk that induce large scale migration and the fiercer competition for the planet’s resources to increase the risk of war and conflict “.

Gore and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Committee alert the world to these risks. So The Nobel committee give credit for Gore and Climate Change Committee.

Do you know ‘An Inconvenient Truth’?

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It is a 2006 documentary film directed by Davis Guggenheim about former United States Vice President Al Gore‘s campaign. It alerts the public to an increasing “planetary emergency” due to global warming. The documentary was a critical and box-office success, winning two Academy Awards for Best Documentary Feature and Best Original Song.

Hmm.. I know Al gore is a controversial figure. But I don’t want to say about this problem. I want to focus on “How hard he try to achieve PEACE

The surprising thing is that  More people are becoming interested in environmental issues. So Al gore can win a Nobel Prize. Finally I would like to pay a standing ovation to his efforts. Beyond that I cannot say more.

Judgment is your free. But Freedom carries responsibility.

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“It takes time to connect the dots, I know that. But I also know that there can be a day of reckoning when you wish you had connected the dots more quickly.” – Al Gore

 

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The Nobel Peace Prize 1993 Nelson Mandela #3

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Nobel Peace Prizes List

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The Nobel Peace Prize 1994

Yasser Arafat, Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin

“for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East”

The Nobel Peace Prize 1993

Nelson Mandela and Frederik Willem de Klerk

“for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa”

The Nobel Peace Prize 1992

Rigoberta Menchú Tum

“in recognition of her work for social justice and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples”

The Nobel Peace Prize 1991

Aung San Suu Kyi

“for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights”(www.nobelprize.org)

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Do you know Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela?

He is very famous person. Why? You already know the reason.

He is the first black president by a vote.

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SONY DSC

Do you know that? He was in prison for a long time. How long?

26 years!!!!! It’s surprising!!!!

It’s sad.. And I have mixed feelings.

Why did he go to jail? Hmm… It’s mixed.

in 1961 Mandela, Sisulu, and Slovo co-founded Umkhonto we Sizwe (“Spear of the Nation”, abbreviated MK). Becoming chairman of the militant group, Mandela gained ideas from Marxist literature on guerilla warfare by Mao and Che Guevara as well as from the military theorist Carl von Clausewitz.(Wikipedia)

So he was captured in 1962. He gave his final testimony  in court. It is called Rivonia Trial Speech in 1964.

Young_Mandela

 

I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons will live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to see realised. But if it needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.” 

After 30 years later his inauguration took place in Pretoria on 1994.

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“We understand it still that there is no easy road to freedom. We know it well that none of us acting alone can achieve success. We must therefore act together as a united people, for national reconciliation, for nation building, for the birth of a new world. Let there be justice for allLet there be peace for all. Let there be work, bread, water and salt for all. Let each know that for each the body, the mind and the soul have been freed to fulfill themselves. Never, never and never again shall it be that this beautiful land will again experience the oppression of one by another and suffer the indignity of being the skunk of the world.” – Inaugural Speech in 1994

Now you read this essay…

What do you feel…?

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Your feeling is the most important thing for your sake. It is the most important thing that I think!!

 

I don’t know much about politics. I don’t know much about ideology.

So I can’t make a judgement that Nelson Mandela is good or bad.

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The purpose of this essay is just to share the enlightenment.

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“What counts in life is not the mere fact that we have lived. It is what difference we have made to the lives of others that will determine the significance of the life we lead.”

– Nelson Mandela

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The Nobel Peace Prize 2014 Malala Yousafzai #2

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Prize Laureates

2015 National Dialogue Quartet
2014 Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai
2013 Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)
2012 The European Union (EU)
2011 Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Leymah Gbowee and Tawakkol Karman
2010 Liu Xiaobo
2009 Barack H. Obama

(nobelpeaceprize.org)

This time I want to introduce Malala Yousafzai.

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Do you know her? Hang on to your hats!!

She is just only 17 years old in 2014. She is the youngest Nobel peace prize winner.

Why she is so influential?

On the afternoon of 9 October 2012, Yousafzai boarded her school bus in the northwest Pakistani district of Swat.

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A gunman asked for her by name, then pointed a pistol at her and fired three shots. One bullet hit the left side of Yousafzai‘s forehead, travelled under her skin through the length of her face, and went into her shoulder. 

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DCIM100GOPRO

In the days immediately following the attack, she remained unconscious and in critical condition.(From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

But She recovered her health!!! It’s a miracle.

Her walk started at 11-12 years old. Yousafzai wrote a blog at that time to  change the world.

The world was in an uproar over this assassination.

It is a opportunity for her to change the world.

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The 2013, 2014 and 2015 issues of Time magazine featured Yousafzai as one of “The 100 Most Influential People in the World”

In July 2013, she spoke at the headquarters of the United Nations to call for worldwide access to education

In February 2014, she was nominated for the World Children’s Prize in Sweden.

Later in 2014, Yousafzai was announced as the co-recipient of the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize, along with Kailash Satyarthi(From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

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For her “Nobel peace prize is a beginning, not an end “

One little girl changes the world even now.

“One child, one teacher, one book, one pen can change the world.”

–  Malala Yousafzai

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The Nobel Peace Prize 2009 Barack H. Obama #1

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Nobel Peace Prize 2009

President Barack Obama speaks at Cairo University in Cairo, Thursday, June 4, 2009. In his speech, President Obama called for a 'new beginning between the United States and Muslims', declaring that 'this cycle of suspicion and discord must end'.  Official White House Photo by Chuck Kennedy
President Barack Obama speaks at Cairo University in Cairo, Thursday, June 4, 2009. In his speech, President Obama called for a ‘new beginning between the United States and Muslims’, declaring that ‘this cycle of suspicion and discord must end’.
Official White House Photo by Chuck Kennedy

Field : arms control and disarmament, world organizing

The Nobel Committee lauded Obama for his “extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples”

He is 44th President of the United States of America.

Obama had emphasized dialogue and cooperation across national, ethnic, religious and political dividing lines.

Anyone can shout such things. But the reason why winners are great is  that It is very difficult to do something more than words.

So I want to pay attention to his childhood story.

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Do you know ‘Dreams From My Father?

It is his autobiography. He wrote it when the first black editor in chief of “Harvard Law Review”.

It is hard to summarize his youth. But his childhood is struggles as a young adult to reconcile social perceptions of his multiracial heritage.

 

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The most important his concern was ‘who he was’.

I think there is a lot I can learn from him.

Now I know it’s up to me. 🙂

Democratic presidential hopeful Sen. Barack Obama D-Ill., makes remarks to his supporters after his victory in the Democratic Iowa caucus Thursday, Jan. 3, 2008, in Des Moines, Iowa.  (AP Photo/Rick Bowmer)
Democratic presidential hopeful Sen. Barack Obama D-Ill., makes remarks to his supporters after his victory in the Democratic Iowa caucus Thursday, Jan. 3, 2008, in Des Moines, Iowa. (AP Photo/Rick Bowmer)

 

“Now is the time for all of us to take our share of responsibility for a global response to global challenges”

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