On February 19th, the ‘2019 Pacific Leaders’ Summit for Peace, Sydney’ was held at the New South Wales Parliament House in Australia with HWPL, an international NGO under the UN ECOSOC. It was held for the South Pacific leaders to call for the introduction of the Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War (DPCW) at the UN General Assembly in 2019. During this conference, 12 high-level government leaders from eight countries in the South Pacific showed their support for DPCW.
Mr. Man Hee Lee, the chairman of HWPL, urged for joint efforts towards the enactment of the DPCW by saying, “Now we have the answer within the 10 articles and 38 clauses of the DPCW to achieve peace and end war. There is no one who doesn’t want peace. The leaders of the nations should do what their people want them to do. This is the true politics that lead us from death to life. There shouldn’t be anyone who disturbs this work of peace. We all have to put our efforts together. When we work together for peace, it will be the light that shines all over the world”.
Capital : Canberra(‘meeting place’ in Aboriginal language)
Largest city : Sydney
2016 census : 23,401,892
Area : 7,692,024 km²
Currency : Australian dollar (AUD)
National language : English
Various ethnicities, No state religion
Australia diary : Basic information
If you want to understand Australia, you must know ‘Gold rush’. In Australia the gold rush began in the early 1850s. Europeans already arrived in 1600s. The gold rushes caused a huge influx of people from overseas. Australia’s total population more than tripled from 430,000 in 1851 to 1.7 million in 1871. Australia first became a multicultural society during the gold rush period. These diggers lived together naturally. What were born here? ‘The mateship‘ The mateship and their collective resistance led to the emergence of a unique national identity.(later) So the Australia has various ethnicities, languages and religions.
Ethnicity : English (36.1%), Australian (33.5%), Irish (11.0%), Scottish (9.3%), Chinese (5.6%), Italian (4.6%), German (4.5%), Indian (2.8%), Greek (1.8%), and Dutch (1.6%) Language : English (72.7%), Mandarin (2.5%), Arabic (1.4%), Cantonese (1.2%), Vietnamese (1.2%) and Italian (1.2%) Religion : No religion (30.1%), Roman Catholic (22.6%), Other Christian (18.7%), Anglican (13.3%), Islam (2.6%), Buddhism (2.4%) and Hinduism(1.9%)