On the 16th of September, The ‘Goseong Peace Conference’ was attended by the International Centre for Black Sea-Baltic Studies and Consensus Practices (Centre BBS) and the UN-affiliated NGO HWPL. Why did they get together? The purpose is ‘the Adoption of the DPCW in the UN and the Peaceful Unification of the Korean Peninsula.’ It is a hot topic in the world. Today, I introduce you HWPL peace quotes with Man Hee Lee.
H.E. Viktor Yushchenko, Former president of Ukraine, said “If a country is attacked, no one is safe, because we are all one. What we are going to talk about is solidarity. We need to get the signatures of a million people because it can bring many people to unite and affirm the solidarity. I think Chairman Lee of HWPL is doing great work to gain support from many people in various countries. We are becoming one. The work we are doing is the way we can unite.”
What is HWPL in a word? I think the next sentence contains the spirit of HWPL. “When the light of heaven shines in the hearts of people, it becomes the light that never fades away.”
The core values of HWPL is to bringing world peace and cessation of war through the establishment of an legally-binding law compatible with the Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War (DPCW) and the World Alliance of Religions’ Peace(WARP)offices.Today I’m going to introduce you to the simple things of HWPL and the WARP Office.
HWPL is a world-class international NGO which has 170 branches all over the world. Peace-loving people are all gathered here. HWPL has 158 Members of HWPL Advisory Council, 506 Publicity Ambassadors and 705000 Legislate Peace Campaign Signatures. Also, it has two wings of IPYG and IWPG. It is why Mr. Man Hee Lee is called the messenger of peace. Because 3.6 billion Women and 1.8 billion Youth support the Chairman Lee.
It can make ‘Alliance of Religions.’ Why do we need this? 80% of the causes of war in human history are religion. Shouldn’t religion admit difference? How can this be possible? Shouldn’t religion admit difference? How can this be possible? Here, a groundbreaking method of HWPL is presented. ‘To compare the scriptures of each religion.’ Then, the fight & war stops and the conversation begins.
It began from the World Alliance of Religions’ Peace (WARP) Summit in 2014 where representative leaders from 12 religions, along with 950 participants, signed the Unity of Religion Agreement. At that time, the WARP Office Meeting was established and it has been actively practiced worldwide since then. Peace has already begun!! Each of you is very important. Because nothing happens without us. Please become a messenger of peace!
On the 16th of September, The ‘Goseong Peace Conference’ was attended by the International Centre for Black Sea-Baltic Studies and Consensus Practices (Centre BBS), which is headed by a group of former European national leaders.
Mr. Man Hee Lee was stressing the responsibilities of global leaders to work together for peace according to the pledge contained in this peace agreement.
Also Chairman Man Hee Lee of HWPL said, “I hope this talk would create a new future and form a peaceful world. We know that everyone wants peace and the end of war. I haven’t seen anyone who wants war. When we achieve peace, our future generation will remember us forever.”
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of human rights. You already know. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which marks the 70th anniversary of this year, still holds great significance for us all over the world. Especially this year, the UDHR is asking us, ‘The UDHR don’t have a separate article on ‘Right to Peace’ yet, what does “The Right to Peace” mean to you? I wrote a posting.
Today, we are going to find out more questions about the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and what UDHR and DPCW have in common. I was really curious, too. “Is the UDHR legally binding?” It’s a globally recognized document and a declaration cited everywhere. It’s so natural to see it. What is the correct answer?
The Universal Declaration is not a treaty, so it does not directly create legal obligations for countries. However, it is an expression of the fundamental values which are shared by all members of the international community. And it has had a profound influence on the development of international human rights law. (Thanks, google)
So what is the exact meaning of being legally binding? Legally binding treaty. This means that states which ratify the treaty are legally bound by it, while states that do not are neither bound by the treaty obligations or entitled to invoke those obligations against other state parties. The HWPL’s DPCW is just walking down this road. The international law so far allowed war in part. So HWPL will make the DPCW a legally binding law to bring it to the United Nations to make a world without war.
What do the UDHR and the DPCW have in common?
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and The DPCW
DPCW Article 1 – Prohibition of the threat or use of force
2. States should refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of military force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations Charter or international law in general.
DPCW Article 3 – Friendly relations and the prohibition of acts of aggression
1. In accordance with United Nations General Assembly Resolution 2625 (XXV), States should develop friendly relations based upon respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, and should take appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace.
DPCW Article 4 – State boundaries
1. In accordance with United Nations General Assembly Resolution 2625 (XXV), every State has the duty to refrain in its international relations from military, political, economic, or any other form of coercion aimed against the territorial integrity or political independence of any State, or in any other manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations. This is without prejudice to instances when such forms of coercion may be lawfully applied, inter alia, to induce states to cease internationally wrongful acts, or when sanctioned by the United Nations Security Council.
DPCW Article 7 – Right to self-defence
2. Measures taken by states in the exercise of their right to self-defence should be immediately reported to the Security Council and should not in any way affect the authority and responsibility of the Security Council under the United Nations Charter to take, at any time, such action as it deems necessary in order to maintain or restore international peace and security.
DPCW Article 10 – Spreading a culture of peace
1. States should recognize and engage with groups and organizations that seek to further the cause of peace as a global movement. States should facilitate such groups in their awareness-raising activities, including providing tuition in human rights and peace studies, as provided for, inter alia, in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the 1999 UN Declaration on a Culture of Peace.
4. States should promote a culture of peace including ensuring conditions in which- (d) the right to development of peoples, including the achievement of the UN sustainable development goals (SDGs), can be realized; and
We found out more questions about the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and what the UDHR and the DPCW have in common. As much as the UDHR, the DPCW is a milestone document in the history of human rights.
Do you know why people say ‘Mr.Man Hee Lee is a messenger of peace’? Because he has the definite answer to peace. I will tell you the coolest Man Hee Lee Quotes. He is a Korean War veteran, knows the horrors of war than a person ever knew. Also, he is the chairman of Heavenly Culture, World Peace and Restoration of Light (HWPL).
HWPL is an international peace nonprofit organization which is the most influential in the world, especially for young people and women. In his biography, It’s clear who he is. ‘I received many rewards from around the world—certificates of awards, plaques, and medals. However, these are not the true rewards. The true reward is the establishment of world peace. This is an eternal reward.‘ This is why he moves for peace.
Man Hee Lee Quotes
The signing of a Joint Statement as well as the MOU signing ceremony between HWPL and 13 supporting media outlets followed the presentations.
After signing the MOU, Chairman Lee pleaded earnestly to those in attendance, “Achieving peace and cessation of war is an impossible task without media professionals like yourselves because we cannot meet everyone in person to deliver this message. The media and press must constantly report on the news of peace-building efforts to make a peaceful society. Let us achieve our goal of peace by doing it. Rather than waiting for tomorrow to come, let us bring forth tomorrow and work steadily to accomplish our goal. I trust each and every reporter here to hold the media accountable.”
“Hello. I’m Ji-in Gu. Mr. President, Please listen to my story. Stop the painful kidnapping, detention and endless assaults in 44 days.”
On January 18, 2018, a flower fell to the ground in a pension in Korea. The late Ms Gu, who had a lot of dreams and had a lot of career ahead, was only 25 years old. In my first posting, we looked at the story of late Ji-in Gu, who seriously violated human rights despite human’s desperate efforts to protect human rights.
We still have two questions. Why did she have to die of suffocation? Why did parents keep their adorable daughter in custody?
The Answer is… ‘Religion’
Report on the Freedom of Religion in the World
In the Article 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), ‘Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom.’ How much freedom of religion is being guaranteed in human rights?
According to the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) ‘s report on religious freedom in 2018, 16 countries classified as “countries of particular concern” include North Korea, as well as Burma, China, Eritria, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Central African Republic, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russia, Syria and Vietnam. Terrorism, murder, slavery, rape, incarceration, forced migration, coercive conversion, intimidation, property confiscation, women’s alienation, and ban on religious activities are still happening in these countries.
In Pakistan, for example, 1,000 girls are kidnapped and forced to change religion every year. Usually, girls in religious minorities, sometimes teenagers are kidnapped and forced to convert to Islam, and marry kidnappers or his accomplices. The daughters are forced to be educated in captivity, and when the police come to them, criminals who kidnap, detain and assault her are evading all legal responsibilities because they are her husband, her family. That’s why her parents can never see their daughter for the rest of my life, even when her parents went to find daughters with the police. Therefore, Human rights activists around the world spoke out wholeheartedly, but the criminals were hiding behind the name of religion.
Present State of Coercive Conversion Programs
‘The 1,000 victims of coercive conversion.. 77.4% of them have sever trauma’
Even in Korea, the country of Kpop, where religious freedom was stipulated in the Constitution, violations of religious freedom are taking place. The reason why Ms. Ji-in Gu had to die of suffocation is ‘Coercive Conversion Programs‘. The reason why parents kept their adorable daughter in custody is ‘Coercive Conversion Programs‘. All things were because of illegal coercive conversion that allowed kidnapping, incarceration and murder in the name of religion. Was there a parent who wanted to kill his beloved daughter? Nope. Someone else must be behind all this. They are the ‘coercive conversion pastors’ who ordered everything and asked for lots of money.
Coercive conversion pastors instigate anxiety of parents and use their love to manipulate them behind. At the dictation of pastors, parents handcuffed her hands and feet, lock her in a pension and force her to convert. This is how they get away with the law. Through the coercive conversion program, one Christian Council of Korea (CCK) minister even received up to $894,425 USD, for their guidance.
According to Human Rights Association for Victims of Coercive Conversion Programs(HAC), The victims of coercive conversion programs numbered about 1,000 from year 2003 to 2017. 96 victims were confirmed in the first half of this year alone. In a survey of 900 people from 2003 to March 2015, 52 percent of the victims were imprisoned, 42 percent of them were taken to coercive conversion program by kidnapping. It was even reported that 10 people were hospitalized in psychiatric hospitals for not being converted. More seriously, their pain didn’t end there. 77.4 percent of the victims felt extreme fear caused by a violent environment. And 65 percent of the victims suffered from mental disorders and stress due to the coercive conversion program.
After Kim was beaten to death by a hammer (by her husband) in 2007, Ms. Gu made a petition to the president, but nothing changed. As a result, Ms. Gu died of suffocation on January 18, 2018. Then, 1 year anniversary has come, and the sad thing is, nothing has changed. The voices of her friends keep ringing in my ears. “She petitioned the president for help, but nothing changed! and she died! Will you take action after I die!!!”
The Cry of the World’s Human Rights Activists
The Unanswered Government and the President, the Coercive Conversion Pastors who cleverly shirk their legal responsibilities.
There is widespread condemnation of the human rights abuses of coercive conversion program all over the world. Ms. Gu’s death resounded through the world. The 221 U.S. media outlets including NBC, Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS), and ABC has reported extensively on the human rights issue under the title of ‘South Korea: The Olympic Games Amid Large-Scale Human Rights Protests.’ In Korea alone, there were countless protests and 120,000 citizens from each cities participated nationwide for human rights. Religious groups and politicians from all over the world hold rally voluntarily to denounce the coercive conversion program of the CCK Korea. And U.N. headquarters and Washington condemn it as an act of giving religion a bad name. Korea’s dark truth was covered in about 600 reports in 41 countries.
With nearly a year approaching, protest rallies against the violation of religious freedom continue from Los Angeles to South Africa, France, the Philippines, Washington, D.C. and San Francisco, and the world’s media poured out many reports. Thanks to an advertisement in the New York Times on the tragic death of Ms. Ji-in Gu, human rights activists’ voices have became louder. After hearing the unfortunate news, Ms. Jenifer (New York) began a fund-raising campaign through the GoFundMe. So the New York Times ad on 28th November can be possible. The sad news is that Ms. Jennifer, who started the fundraiser, died of cancer and the Jennifer’s family took the money to run an ad in the New York Times. Because it is her wish.
Despite the media’s help and criticism of human rights activists around the world, why has nothing changed in a year? Why is this happening in South Korea, the home of K-pop, which hosted the Pyeongchang Peace Olympics? Let’s find out at the next posting.
The 4th HWPL Intercontinental Online WARP Office Meeting
What Religious Texts Tell You: “Afterlife”
Do you know WARP Office? In the short three years from its official beginning, the WARP Offices have seen rapid expansion with 218 offices now operating in 126 countries. With approximately 2,500 representative religious leaders as participants, it enhanced the level of understanding of, and harmony between, various religions. Do you know what culture was created? Religious leaders want to seek true peace-building and harmony among religions based on correct understanding. And they dedicated themselves to thoroughly researching what a “trustworthy scripture” should contain.
91percent of all religious leaders agreed that the following six attributes. 1) Good and Evil 2) Birth, Aging, Sickness and Death 3) The Spiritual Realm 4) Cleansing of Sins 5) History and Genealogy 6) Prophecy and Fulfillment
1&2 HWPL Intercontinental Online WARP Office
On 24 March 2018, the first Intercontinental Online WARP Office Meeting was held. The topic of this WARP Office meeting was “What is the root of evil and how can we eliminate evil? Where does it come from? How can we eliminate it according to your respective religion?” The religious leaders, who participated in meeting, were specially selected as outstanding leaders at worldwide. It made it easy for anyone to be able to see and participate in audience questions by broadcasting their discussion. It is also designed to promote WARP offices to religious societies and civil society, and to spread the culture of seeking truth.
“When the light of heaven shines in the hearts of people, it becomes the light that never fades away.” – the Chairman Man hee Lee
One Netherlander said, “It is amazing that people from different religions can meet and communicate with each other about peace. I think peace and harmony of religions can be achieved as we continue to do this work.”
The Story of WARP Office
Seeing the current status of the religious war, HWPL thinks the solution of peace. ‘How can we make it?’ The answer they found is the Scriptures. Because it represent the accumulation of not only the spiritual and moral teachings of the respective faiths, but also a fundamental standard of human conduct.
Why Scripture? Although the common objective that all religion is the great things, these messages are often overlooked by people. Because religious people fight with each other first. They showed hostility and started a war. So peace is becoming an elusive concept. So HWPL approach towards the root cause of this hostility between faiths, defined as the misunderstandings that arise from the misinterpretation of these scriptures. Eminent religious experts recognized it as an ‘Innovative Approach’. The alliance of religions is the earnest hope of all humanity.
The Chairman Man hee Lee said, “If religions are in harmony with each other, there will be no reason to fight. To achieve harmony among religions, people of religion should examine and compare their scriptures to find the truth and become one in that truth. People of religion are responsible for leading people of the world in the right path.”
A person at birth can not choose a country by himself, but he has a right to choose a religion. But in some countries, someone has to trade life for one’s belief. The countries that have been under religious persecution are the China, Iran and Myanmar. Some countries have civil wars because of other religions. This led to the loss of many precious lives.
Even in Korea, where religious freedom is believed to be guaranteed, two people have already died of coercive religious conversion program. More than 150 people a year suffer human rights violations during coercive conversion program. What’s worse is that more than 1,000 victims were confirmed. There must be a good reason to keep her religious beliefs under life-threatening coercive conversion program(CCP) and her choice deserves to be respected. Human rights and security of minority religious people are not protected against those who are inclined to kill them.
Because they can’t admit the faith of minority religious people. Moreover, narrow religious discrimination, that believes only his religion and doctrine are right, causes serious religious extremism and drives all the world into terror and violence beyond some regional conflict.
International efforts to promote
As a result of these, 80 percent of the wars that panicked the world in fear are religious wars. If you are a religious person, you should have to work for peace and prevent war. Instead, the fact that religious people are more at the center of the conflict is shameful and it means that they have no qualification as a religious person.
Despite international efforts to promote religious freedom, restrictions on religious freedom and religious discrimination are still on the rise around the world. To solve these problems, a strong international law is needed to eradicate religious discrimination and ensure religious freedom.
The Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War (DPCW) presented by HWPL, which has become a key issue in the international community, has a provision for freedom of religion. The solution for sustaining peace is to enact an international law (10 articles and 38 clauses of the DPCW) to end war and implement it to the letter.
DPCW Article 8 – Freedom of religion
States should activate and participate in systems to enforce and protect fundamental human rights, eliminating discrimination on the basis of religion or belief, and should refrain from and prohibit the usage of religion by governments, groups, or individuals in order to justify or to incite acts of violence against others. (omitted below)
DPCW Article 9 – Religion, ethnic identity and peace
Recognising the threat to peaceful coexistence that violent religious extremism may cause, states should implement, in good faith, legal measures against individuals or groups attempting to perpetrate or assist in gross and systematic acts of violence in the name of religion. (omitted below)
If the leaders of every country love their country and their people, they have to sign the International Law for peace. To do this, we must complete peace with the spirit of that moment when the United Nations begins.
“Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration,
without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion,
political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.” – Article 2 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)
A New York Times advertisement space on November 28th dealt with women human rights issue. I will introduce you to New York times Human Rights News!
On November 25, it is the ‘U.N. International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women‘. It was the day in 1981 when three sisters of the Dominican Republic protested against the dictatorship of the government. The Day was started to remember that sisters were killed by violence, and many people from all over the world including Spain are participating in demonstrations and holding campaigns. Despite these efforts, a 25-year-old woman died in a pension in Korea on January 18, 2018.
Why did she have to die of suffocation when she had so many dreams? Why did parents keep their adorable daughter in custody? # New York times Human rights
Human Rights is still alive?
Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings. It’s the right to live like a human being. The Article 1 of UDHR, ‘All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood‘, shows the spirit of human rights. Human rights should not be discriminated against for any reason, including race, skin color, sex, language, religion, etc. UN http://www.un.org/en/sections/issues-depth/human-rights/index.html
The United Nations Charter confirmed people’s beliefs about basic human rights and promised to keep this human rights. To make sure that we keep this promise, we have to define ‘what human rights are and what freedom is’ that everyone can understand. It is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which is now the most recognized.
Thus, on December 10, 1948, 50 of the 58 member states of the United Nations declared the Declaration of Human Rights in favor of it. This was unprecedented in human history. Therefore, “THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY proclaims THIS UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction.” http://www.un.org/en/universal-declaration-human-rights/
A flower falls
But despite these efforts, there are still many incidents of serious human rights violations.
On December 30, 2017, a 25-year-old girl left her friends with a message saying, “I will travel with my family.” Then on January 18, 2018, she returned to us as a ‘cold and blue corpse‘. According to one friend’s testimony, the late Ms. Ji-in Gu was a ‘nice friend who spent time with his family when she was busy and she had many dreams and was so passionate.’ And her friend continued “I’m so sorry and angry. I miss her terribly.” She was imprisoned in a pension in South Korea. After a scuffle with her parents, she was presumed to have choked to death.
There is a message left by Ms. Gu in her lifetime. “Hello. I’m Ji-in Gu. Mr. President, Please listen to my story. Stop the painful kidnapping, detention and endless assaults in 44 days.” Yes, that’s right. It was not the first time that Ms. Gu was kidnapped and detained. She was imprisoned for 44 days in a monastery on June 2016 and she had a really painful time both soul and body. I mentioned it in my posting, but a year later, nothing has changed. Maybe she’s crying in the sky.
“She petitioned the president for help, but nothing changed and she died. Will you take action after I die?” said Ji-in’s friends.
You can feel the depth of sadness in their memorial songs.
Want to be a warm star to people swaying in the night winds Born as a flower, you always said you would be a star
Want to give them warm warmth, who bear heartaches How lonely you are in the darkness, not open even when you pat.
Even in our dreams, we meet again. Because always we dream the same dream. You’ll pray for us in the sky
To you now being a star, The beloved in tears give you a white flower that has your scent We’ll meet again in the sky
You and I are glittering in longing Even when you close your eyes, you didn’t let your desire go Now we’ll make sure your wishes come true
There are still two questions left in this poignant story. Why did she have to die of suffocation? Why did parents keep their adorable daughter in custody? Let’s look at the next posting. # New York times Human rights
World War 2 (1939-1945) : The most devastating war in human history
A child became a refugee by the terrible war.
Poor living conditions were hard to bear for the refugee boy, yet he felt desperate for peace. The boy lived in a town located in [dniester] River of the Soviet Border until the age of 50 under dictatorship. He saw and felt the fall of communism himself, and he became aware of the power of culture. He was in the process of settling the democratic conscious.
In 1996, the boy grew up to become the 3rd President of Romania. Emil Constantinescu became the President in order to achieve peace.
First, he devoted his efforts to bring reconciliation and harmony within the Balkan Peninsula suffering from conflicts of nation, religion and race. He was in the forefront of liberty and democracy of Romania. He has conducted Peace Education to spread peace. (In fact, he has done more work. More info 1, info 2)
“Introducing the DPCW to the UN is an important
step in the right direction.” – Emil Constantinescu, former president of Romania
He was the dean of Bucharest University. He spent 6 years of my life in [Bucharest] University and [other] University throughout the world.
Now, he is the chairperson of Institute for Cultural Diplomacy (ICD) which is the largest NGO in Europe. Also, he is a member of HWPL Advisory Council.
HWPL (more info) is an international peace nonprofit organization registered with the United Nations Department of Public Information (DPI) and the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). It is surprising to the world with its enormous execution and actions no one has heard or seen.”
As of 2018, he is in the forefront to establish a culture of peace, calling for the cessation of war. Now, it is time to begin a new history of peace.
Emil Constantinescu 2018 interview
It seems to be the most appropriate sentence to describe him. Emil said “I am one of the survivors of this tragic history of Europe that have a deep and sincere empathy for the Korean people, and one of the few that can perhaps intuit what is going on in the hearts of North Koreans across the border.”
Having dreamed of a world without war, he met Man Hee Lee, Chairman of HWPL in 2014 like destiny, and became a partner of peace.
Q. I know that you are actively involved as the President of the Institute for Advanced Studies in Levant Culture and Civilization (ISACCL). What kind of organization is it, and with what purpose did you establish it?
I (Emil Constantinescu) founded the Institute for Advanced Studies in Levant Culture and Civilization in order to transfer to Romania the experience and the projects I have undertaken as President of the Academy of Cultural Diplomacy in Berlin, where I had the opportunity to launch “The Levant Initiative for Global Peace”.
The Institute for Advanced Studies in Levant Culture and Civilization aims to rewrite the history of the Levant, through which we understand a broader space that does not solely refer to the Middle East, but also to Northern Africa, the Balkans and the Caucasus.
Let us rewrite history through the lens of what brings us together, not what sets us apart. This is not an easy feat, because history, as it has been written until now, is a history of incessant warfare, in which the protagonists are the lords of war, not the lords of peace.
Q. How did your relationship with the HWPL organization begin?
I first met Chairman Man Hee Lee in Germany, at a reception hosted by the Institute and Academy of Cultural Diplomacy (ICD)in Berlin, where I learned of the noble goals that the HWPL had set for itself. They coincided, for the most part, with the goals I had dedicated my efforts in cultural diplomacy to, aiming towards not only the resolution of open or frozen conflicts, but especially towards the creation of a culture of peace through the understanding of the Other, the only way, in my view, to ensure a lasting, durable and sustainable peace.
Q. What do you think of Chairman Lee?
I believe Chairman Lee is a leader in the true sense of the word, which is easy to see in the way he wins the hearts and the minds of the younger generation, in particular because of his destiny: a man who fought in the Korean War which, like all wars, pits man against man; but what is even more striking is that, in the case of the Korean war, it was pitting brother against brother. When youth and women’s associations were established, I think Man Hee Lee astutely picked up on the fact that herein lay the key, as youths are sent to diein wars by populist and ultranationalist leaders with dictatorial tendencies while women during war are not only victims but also suffer for their parents, children and brothers. We must never forget that while 20.000.000 soldiers died in World War II, 40.000.000 civilians, mostly women, children and the elderly, perished in that conflict as well.
Q. I know that you participated the first WARP Summit.
In 2014, I was markedly impressed by the participation of the young people at the events. On the Olympic stadium, there were approximately 120,000 pupils and students, and nearly 200,000 took part in the March for Peace. When I had the honour of holding my speech on the Olympic Stadium, I felt the vibration of the crowd and I thought back to what had happened to the first president of Romania, Nicolae Ceauṣescu, when he attended the festivities organized by Kim Il-Sung in Pyeongyang in his honour. Because I had lived among the students which, during the Communist dictatorship, were forced to take part in events organized following the North Korean model, I had a realisation of how great the fundamental difference is between youth that are forced to attend rallies for fear of consequences that could drastically affect their futures and careers, and volunteers. You cannot fake volunteering, and for me this was the most striking impression of my trip to South Korea, and the main reason I decided to return this year, to attend the fourth anniversary of the 2014 Summit.
Q. What was your impression of the 4th anniversary of the WARP Summit?
Even though this time the rally was held on Incheon Stadium, with only 30.000 participants, I found myself surrounded by the same sincere enthusiasm and the same dedication to peace. Your people are models of solidarity.I think it was an important event not only for Korea, but for the entire world, as it demonstrates once again that the promotion of peace is the only solution, that the threat of war is not the only solution, as happened during the Cold War. In the end, dialogue is the most important.
Q. Do you think the Declaration for Peace and Cessation of War (DPCW) will be presented to the United Nations?
The level of publicity surrounding this Declaration, in correlation with the fact that through its signing religious leaders, people in positions of authority, presidents and democratic heads of government are joined by a large number of young people supporting the same ideal, makes it possible that military leaders, heads of state and military subcontractors are made to listen to the voice of the people. I believe the United Nations will indeed accept this Declaration, and I consider it an important step in the right direction because, despite the permanent criticism of UN ineffectiveness, we must keep in mind that it is the only forum that offers a platform for smaller states from across the globe to make their voices heard.