The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of human rights. You already know. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which marks the 70th anniversary of this year, still holds great significance for us all over the world. Especially this year, the UDHR is asking us, ‘The UDHR don’t have a separate article on ‘Right to Peace’ yet, what does “The Right to Peace” mean to you? I wrote a posting.
Today, we are going to find out more questions about the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and what UDHR and DPCW have in common. I was really curious, too. “Is the UDHR legally binding?” It’s a globally recognized document and a declaration cited everywhere. It’s so natural to see it. What is the correct answer?
The Universal Declaration is not a treaty, so it does not directly create legal obligations for countries. However, it is an expression of the fundamental values which are shared by all members of the international community. And it has had a profound influence on the development of international human rights law. (Thanks, google)
So what is the exact meaning of being legally binding? Legally binding treaty. This means that states which ratify the treaty are legally bound by it, while states that do not are neither bound by the treaty obligations or entitled to invoke those obligations against other state parties. The HWPL’s DPCW is just walking down this road. The international law so far allowed war in part. So HWPL will make the DPCW a legally binding law to bring it to the United Nations to make a world without war.
What do the UDHR and the DPCW have in common?
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and The DPCW
DPCW Article 1 – Prohibition of the threat or use of force
2. States should refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of military force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations Charter or international law in general.
DPCW Article 3 – Friendly relations and the prohibition of acts of aggression
1. In accordance with United Nations General Assembly Resolution 2625 (XXV), States should develop friendly relations based upon respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, and should take appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace.
DPCW Article 4 – State boundaries
1. In accordance with United Nations General Assembly Resolution 2625 (XXV), every State has the duty to refrain in its international relations from military, political, economic, or any other form of coercion aimed against the territorial integrity or political independence of any State, or in any other manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations. This is without prejudice to instances when such forms of coercion may be lawfully applied, inter alia, to induce states to cease internationally wrongful acts, or when sanctioned by the United Nations Security Council.
DPCW Article 7 – Right to self-defence
2. Measures taken by states in the exercise of their right to self-defence should be immediately reported to the Security Council and should not in any way affect the authority and responsibility of the Security Council under the United Nations Charter to take, at any time, such action as it deems necessary in order to maintain or restore international peace and security.
DPCW Article 10 – Spreading a culture of peace
1. States should recognize and engage with groups and organizations that seek to further the cause of peace as a global movement. States should facilitate such groups in their awareness-raising activities, including providing tuition in human rights and peace studies, as provided for, inter alia, in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the 1999 UN Declaration on a Culture of Peace.
4. States should promote a culture of peace including ensuring conditions in which- (d) the right to development of peoples, including the achievement of the UN sustainable development goals (SDGs), can be realized; and
We found out more questions about the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and what the UDHR and the DPCW have in common. As much as the UDHR, the DPCW is a milestone document in the history of human rights.
“Hello. I’m Ji-in Gu. Mr. President, Please listen to my story. Stop the painful kidnapping, detention and endless assaults in 44 days.”
On January 18, 2018, a flower fell to the ground in a pension in Korea. The late Ms Gu, who had a lot of dreams and had a lot of career ahead, was only 25 years old. In my first posting, we looked at the story of late Ji-in Gu, who seriously violated human rights despite human’s desperate efforts to protect human rights.
We still have two questions. Why did she have to die of suffocation? Why did parents keep their adorable daughter in custody?
The Answer is… ‘Religion’
Report on the Freedom of Religion in the World
In the Article 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), ‘Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom.’ How much freedom of religion is being guaranteed in human rights?
According to the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) ‘s report on religious freedom in 2018, 16 countries classified as “countries of particular concern” include North Korea, as well as Burma, China, Eritria, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Central African Republic, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russia, Syria and Vietnam. Terrorism, murder, slavery, rape, incarceration, forced migration, coercive conversion, intimidation, property confiscation, women’s alienation, and ban on religious activities are still happening in these countries.
In Pakistan, for example, 1,000 girls are kidnapped and forced to change religion every year. Usually, girls in religious minorities, sometimes teenagers are kidnapped and forced to convert to Islam, and marry kidnappers or his accomplices. The daughters are forced to be educated in captivity, and when the police come to them, criminals who kidnap, detain and assault her are evading all legal responsibilities because they are her husband, her family. That’s why her parents can never see their daughter for the rest of my life, even when her parents went to find daughters with the police. Therefore, Human rights activists around the world spoke out wholeheartedly, but the criminals were hiding behind the name of religion.
Present State of Coercive Conversion Programs
‘The 1,000 victims of coercive conversion.. 77.4% of them have sever trauma’
Even in Korea, the country of Kpop, where religious freedom was stipulated in the Constitution, violations of religious freedom are taking place. The reason why Ms. Ji-in Gu had to die of suffocation is ‘Coercive Conversion Programs‘. The reason why parents kept their adorable daughter in custody is ‘Coercive Conversion Programs‘. All things were because of illegal coercive conversion that allowed kidnapping, incarceration and murder in the name of religion. Was there a parent who wanted to kill his beloved daughter? Nope. Someone else must be behind all this. They are the ‘coercive conversion pastors’ who ordered everything and asked for lots of money.
Coercive conversion pastors instigate anxiety of parents and use their love to manipulate them behind. At the dictation of pastors, parents handcuffed her hands and feet, lock her in a pension and force her to convert. This is how they get away with the law. Through the coercive conversion program, one Christian Council of Korea (CCK) minister even received up to $894,425 USD, for their guidance.
According to Human Rights Association for Victims of Coercive Conversion Programs(HAC), The victims of coercive conversion programs numbered about 1,000 from year 2003 to 2017. 96 victims were confirmed in the first half of this year alone. In a survey of 900 people from 2003 to March 2015, 52 percent of the victims were imprisoned, 42 percent of them were taken to coercive conversion program by kidnapping. It was even reported that 10 people were hospitalized in psychiatric hospitals for not being converted. More seriously, their pain didn’t end there. 77.4 percent of the victims felt extreme fear caused by a violent environment. And 65 percent of the victims suffered from mental disorders and stress due to the coercive conversion program.
After Kim was beaten to death by a hammer (by her husband) in 2007, Ms. Gu made a petition to the president, but nothing changed. As a result, Ms. Gu died of suffocation on January 18, 2018. Then, 1 year anniversary has come, and the sad thing is, nothing has changed. The voices of her friends keep ringing in my ears. “She petitioned the president for help, but nothing changed! and she died! Will you take action after I die!!!”
The Cry of the World’s Human Rights Activists
The Unanswered Government and the President, the Coercive Conversion Pastors who cleverly shirk their legal responsibilities.
There is widespread condemnation of the human rights abuses of coercive conversion program all over the world. Ms. Gu’s death resounded through the world. The 221 U.S. media outlets including NBC, Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS), and ABC has reported extensively on the human rights issue under the title of ‘South Korea: The Olympic Games Amid Large-Scale Human Rights Protests.’ In Korea alone, there were countless protests and 120,000 citizens from each cities participated nationwide for human rights. Religious groups and politicians from all over the world hold rally voluntarily to denounce the coercive conversion program of the CCK Korea. And U.N. headquarters and Washington condemn it as an act of giving religion a bad name. Korea’s dark truth was covered in about 600 reports in 41 countries.
With nearly a year approaching, protest rallies against the violation of religious freedom continue from Los Angeles to South Africa, France, the Philippines, Washington, D.C. and San Francisco, and the world’s media poured out many reports. Thanks to an advertisement in the New York Times on the tragic death of Ms. Ji-in Gu, human rights activists’ voices have became louder. After hearing the unfortunate news, Ms. Jenifer (New York) began a fund-raising campaign through the GoFundMe. So the New York Times ad on 28th November can be possible. The sad news is that Ms. Jennifer, who started the fundraiser, died of cancer and the Jennifer’s family took the money to run an ad in the New York Times. Because it is her wish.
Despite the media’s help and criticism of human rights activists around the world, why has nothing changed in a year? Why is this happening in South Korea, the home of K-pop, which hosted the Pyeongchang Peace Olympics? Let’s find out at the next posting.
“Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration,
without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion,
political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.” – Article 2 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)
A New York Times advertisement space on November 28th dealt with women human rights issue. I will introduce you to New York times Human Rights News!
On November 25, it is the ‘U.N. International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women‘. It was the day in 1981 when three sisters of the Dominican Republic protested against the dictatorship of the government. The Day was started to remember that sisters were killed by violence, and many people from all over the world including Spain are participating in demonstrations and holding campaigns. Despite these efforts, a 25-year-old woman died in a pension in Korea on January 18, 2018.
Why did she have to die of suffocation when she had so many dreams? Why did parents keep their adorable daughter in custody? # New York times Human rights
Human Rights is still alive?
Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings. It’s the right to live like a human being. The Article 1 of UDHR, ‘All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood‘, shows the spirit of human rights. Human rights should not be discriminated against for any reason, including race, skin color, sex, language, religion, etc. UN http://www.un.org/en/sections/issues-depth/human-rights/index.html
The United Nations Charter confirmed people’s beliefs about basic human rights and promised to keep this human rights. To make sure that we keep this promise, we have to define ‘what human rights are and what freedom is’ that everyone can understand. It is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which is now the most recognized.
Thus, on December 10, 1948, 50 of the 58 member states of the United Nations declared the Declaration of Human Rights in favor of it. This was unprecedented in human history. Therefore, “THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY proclaims THIS UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction.” http://www.un.org/en/universal-declaration-human-rights/
A flower falls
But despite these efforts, there are still many incidents of serious human rights violations.
On December 30, 2017, a 25-year-old girl left her friends with a message saying, “I will travel with my family.” Then on January 18, 2018, she returned to us as a ‘cold and blue corpse‘. According to one friend’s testimony, the late Ms. Ji-in Gu was a ‘nice friend who spent time with his family when she was busy and she had many dreams and was so passionate.’ And her friend continued “I’m so sorry and angry. I miss her terribly.” She was imprisoned in a pension in South Korea. After a scuffle with her parents, she was presumed to have choked to death.
There is a message left by Ms. Gu in her lifetime. “Hello. I’m Ji-in Gu. Mr. President, Please listen to my story. Stop the painful kidnapping, detention and endless assaults in 44 days.” Yes, that’s right. It was not the first time that Ms. Gu was kidnapped and detained. She was imprisoned for 44 days in a monastery on June 2016 and she had a really painful time both soul and body. I mentioned it in my posting, but a year later, nothing has changed. Maybe she’s crying in the sky.
“She petitioned the president for help, but nothing changed and she died. Will you take action after I die?” said Ji-in’s friends.
You can feel the depth of sadness in their memorial songs.
Want to be a warm star to people swaying in the night winds Born as a flower, you always said you would be a star
Want to give them warm warmth, who bear heartaches How lonely you are in the darkness, not open even when you pat.
Even in our dreams, we meet again. Because always we dream the same dream. You’ll pray for us in the sky
To you now being a star, The beloved in tears give you a white flower that has your scent We’ll meet again in the sky
You and I are glittering in longing Even when you close your eyes, you didn’t let your desire go Now we’ll make sure your wishes come true
There are still two questions left in this poignant story. Why did she have to die of suffocation? Why did parents keep their adorable daughter in custody? Let’s look at the next posting. # New York times Human rights
On 27 November 1895, Alfred Nobel signed his last will and testament. Nobel’s will said prize should be given to “the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses.”
Alfred Nobel was acquainted with Bertha von Suttner, who was a driving force in the international peace movement in Europe. She influenced his views on peace. Peace was the fifth and final prize area that Nobel mentioned in his will. The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded by the Norwegian Nobel Committee elected by the Norwegian Parliament (Stortinget).
the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize
There are 331 candidates for the Nobel Peace Prize for 2018 out of which 216 are individuals and 115 are organizations. The names of the nominees and other information about the nominations cannot be revealed until 50 years later.
All Nobel Prizes are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden, except for the Nobel Peace Prize, which is awarded in Oslo, Norway. The founder of the Nobel Prize, Alfred Nobel, was a Swedish cosmopolitan. In his will, he declared that the Nobel Peace Prize should be awarded by a Norwegian committee.
Who is the Nobel Peace Prize winner of 2018?
The Nobel Peace Prize 2017
The International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) received the award “for its work to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and for its ground-breaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition of such weapons”.
The Nobel Peace Prize 2016
The Nobel Peace Prize 2016 was awarded to Juan Manuel Santos “for his resolute efforts to bring the country’s more than 50-year-long civil war to an end.” Juan Manuel Santos is a president of Colombia. (2010–18) He signed a peace treaty with the Marxist guerrilla organization FARC (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia; “Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia”).
All eyes are on Peace of Korean Peninsula
There has been plenty of speculation about the possible recipient of this year’s Nobel Peace Prize. But no one can know until the envelope containing the winner’s name is opened. Speculation has it that Moon Jae-In and Kim Jong-Un deserve the prize because of their unprecedented efforts to ease military tension on the Korean Peninsula and above all their public commitment to denuclearize the North. But skeptics say ‘Not yet’ because the North has taken no concrete step toward denuclearization. Let’s see the public opinion. British online betting site nicerodds rates the Moon Jae-In and Kim Jong-Un as the most likely, followed by Kim Jong-Un and Donald Trump.
Robert Reich, a former U.S. cabinet member, has praised President Moon Jae-in’s “broker diplomacy” between U.S. President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un. He continued “But if there is ever going to be a lasting peace on the Korean Peninsula, the person who will deserve the Nobel Peace Prize won’t be Trump. It will be South Korea’s president, Moon Jae-in.”
South Korean President Moon Jae-in said the ‘Nobel Peace Prize should go to U.S. President Donald Trump‘, if anyone were to win it for their efforts to resolve the issues with North Korea. He said “the Nobel Peace Prize is for Trump and we only need to bring peace.”
List of public opinion(British online betting site nicerodds)
1. Kim Jong-Un & Moon Jae-In 2. Kim Jong-Un & Donald Trump 3. Donald Trump 4. Denis Mukwege + Yanar Mohammed 5. Novaya Gazeta 6. W.F.P. 7. U.N.H.C.R. 8. Raif Badawi 9. Aclu 10. Carios Puigdemont
Why Chairman Man hee Lee? He is a Korean War veteran, knows the horrors of war than a person ever knew. So the chairman Lee is running really hard for Peace on the Korean Peninsula. Also, he is the chairman of Heavenly Culture, World Peace and Restoration of Light (HWPL). HWPL is is an international peace nonprofit organization registered with the United Nations Department of Public Information (DPI) and the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). There are three reasons why the Man hee Lee will win the Nobel Peace Prize.
“When the light of heaven shines in the hearts of people,
it becomes the light that never fades away.” – the chairman Man hee Lee
3 Reasons Why chairman Man hee Lee win
1. HWPL 918 WARP Summit 2. Philippines Mindanao Island Peace Agreement & Peace Walk 3. Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War (DPCW)
First, HWPL 918 WARP Summit
Collaboration for Peace Development: Building a Peace Community through the DPCW
The 4th Annual Commemoration of the 2018 HWPL World Peace Summit was held in South Korea from the 17th to the 19th of September. This year, thousands of leaders and citizens from around the globe will gather for 3 days with the great determination of creating a peaceful world together. Under the theme of “Collaboration for Peace Development: Building a Peace Community through the DPCW”, the wind of peace is blowing all over the world. This 918 WARP Summit is the core of HWPL’s peace movement. The main agenda of the WARP Summit will be the introduction of the Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War (DPCW) to the United Nations (UN) as a binding resolution. It received a lot of spotlight from foreign media. HWPL has been recognized the most powerful and practical peace NGO. Programs are here. If you click one by one, you can know the reasons. Also, below is a Youtube replay link.
Hon. Emil Constantinescu, Former President of Romania
“Youth and women can become the most persuasive advisories of peace in the present and in the future. Both avoiding war and establishing peace-building processes require a laborious effort to create a culture of solidarity outlining a pragmatic style in which the statements should followed by effective actions. I believe that the Declaration of World Peace proclaimed in Seoul can get everyone around the world, no matter if they are men, women, youth or children, ready to unite under the mantle of peace and take the responsibility to promote the message of peace to the entire world. We are one.“
H.E. Viktor Yushchhenko, Former President of Ukraine
“I am deeply grateful to be able to implement the cause of peace in a specific way. This is truly a worthy cause. I was deeply impressed to see the DPCW with its refined and profound wisdom. I think it is worth the support from all leaders of the world. This is because the DPCW is a perfectly balanced document that was drafted through the great effort of international legal experts and is of fundamental value.”
H.E. Ivo Josipović, Former President of Croatia
“It is necessary for the two leaders(Kim Jong-Un and Moon Jae-In) to meet and discuss face-to-face. I believe that we can understand one another and accept each other’s differences through cultural exchanges, such as music and sports.”
Also, he emphasized “Presenting the Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War (DPCW) to the United Nations as a resolution, with our intention to build peace in the world, is novel and important.”
Second, Philippines Mindanao Island Peace Agreement & Peace Walk
The Chairman Man hee Lee is the messenger of peace who is making the actual result of peace. In 2014, he risked his life to go the area where many people died for 40 years in the bloody conflict in Mindanao. He prayed to God before to go Mindanao. He said “I won’t go if God don’t abide with me.” Then, he met with representatives of the two religions to resolve the religious conflict and drew a peace treaty.
The Chairman Man hee Lee of HWPL asked, “People who are gathered here, is there any want who want war?.”
No one answered. The Chairman Lee continued that “War sacrifices many lives and destroys many buildings. If there is anyone who wants war, please raise your hand.” With silence–, no one raised their hands. The Chairman Man hee Lee shouted strongly, “When there’s war, who is the one who is fighting in front of battle line that is the youth. We are born in the same world, same generation, but their lives cannot blossom, but their lives are lost in the battle!”
The Chairman Lee continued, “Now, we need to make a peaceful world to live. And when we inherit peaceful world to our future generation, nothing would be more valuable. That is why we need to urge all of our presidents. We need to urge them for the world to become peaceful sooner. I’m not saying something wrong. Am I? We have to make our world, our global village being paradise. This is our duty. And, this is what we have to do.” Everyone gave a standing ovation.
Colombia civil war for 52 years 220,000 died Mindanao civil war for 40 years 140,000 died
Connection with Nobel Peace Prize 2016
Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 2016. Colombian Civil War has cost the lives of at least 220,000 Colombians and displaced close to 6 million people. The Norwegian Nobel Committee said ‘the award should also be seen as a tribute to the Colombian people who, despite great hardships and abuses, have not given up hope of a just peace, and to all the parties who have contributed to the peace process. This tribute is paid, not least, to the representatives of the countless victims of the civil war.’
By the mediation of Cuban President Raul Castro, Rodrigo Londono (FARC) and Santos pledge to a peace agreement on 26th of September, 2016. Pen used in their signature is made from real bullet shell used in civil war. In pen grip “The bullet record our past. Education is our future.” is written in Spanish.
The only thing left was a referendum. That’s when the Nobel Prize 2016 was announced. But the peace agreement was rejected.
Yes 49.78% No50.21%
Also, voter turnout was 37%. Dissenting votes is 57,000 more than vote yes.
The people said ‘it is too generous for rebels.’ The Agreement said ‘War crimes like drug trafficking and kidnapping of civilians in the FARC will be exempted from obligation.’ And It ensures the legitimate political participation. They, who lost a family or whose family were taken hostage in FARC, were against the peace agreement. So, Santos government only passed Colombia peace agreement by parliamentary vote instead of the referendum. But some said “Colombia people refuse it. How can the Congress approve it?”(AFP)
But after two years, what happened in Mindanao?
After 2 years, 15,000 people are in line to greet the HWPL in Philipines. On 24 January 2016, Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) held an unveiling ceremony for the Monument to the Declaration of World Peace located in Sultan Kudarat, Maguindanao Province. This monument is the second HWPL Peace Monument to be erected in the Philippines. Also, the Chairman Al Haj Murad Ebrahim of MILF decided to designate January 24th of every year as ‘HWPL Day’. I think Colombia needs to learn ‘how HWPL achieves peace in Mindanao’.
MILF chairman of Al-Hajj Murad Ebrahim
“The Chairman Lee brought a really powerful message to achieve peace that we hope and desire. It means HWPL and MILF are partner for peace. Peace is not a matter confined to a single person but to every individual. Therefore anyone who is part of this global family must all become messengers of peace. Let us all participate and become the messengers of peace to pass on peace as an eternal legacy for the future generations!”
Third, Declaration of Peace and
Cessation of War (DPCW)
So far, international law has not ended the war. So many people had to suffer and be sad because there was no peace. They have the ‘Right to Peace’. In 2018, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) recognized the Universal Declaration does not include a separate article on “Right to Peace”. So HWPL is creating a new order for the world.
In order to fundamentally resolve international conflicts and crises, The HWPL international law peace committeewas founded to discuss ways to achieve peace through international law. It is composed of prominent legal experts of different nationalities. After three formal committee meetings, the DPCW was drafted. On March 14, 2016, 10 articles and 38 clauses of the Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War (DPCW) was declared. Currently, there is a worldwide campaign to introduce the DPCW to the United Nations. Now, they collected 734,055 signatures (as of October, 2017) and 173,170 people of 176 countries participated.
Law experts agreed that the DPCW is fully aligned with the UN Charter & the UDHRand this Declaration not only encapsulates and supports all of the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). People around the world want the DPCW to be adopted by UN. The new international peace law will change the history of mankind.
Of the past 3,400 years, humans have been entirely at peace for 268 of them, or just 8 percent of recorded history. There are 12,703battles since 2500 B.C. (created by a Dutch company LAB1100) Explore the map here. At least 108 million people were killed in wars in the twentieth century. Estimates for the total number killed in wars throughout all of human history range from 150 million to 1 billion. War causes universal misery. Wars made internally displaced people, refugees and casualties. “There was never a good War, or a bad Peace.” (Benjamin Franklin) “Who can compensate for the death of the youth? A Country? No one can do.” (Man hee Lee, Chairman of HWPL)
A Definite answer to peace : 10 Articles and 38 Clauses
Conflict prevention: encourages states to cooperate in gradual disarmament, repurpose weapon-manufacturing facilities for the benefit of humanity and develop friendly relations through mutual respect of the sovereign equality and right to self-determination of all States.
– Article 1 Prohibition of the threat or use of force
– Article 2 War potential
– Article 3 Friendly relations and the prohibition of acts of aggression
– Article 4 State boundaries
– Article 5 Self-determination
Conflict mediation: focuses on conflict mediation through reaffirming the role of international supervision organizations in maintaining international peace and security.
– Article 6 Dispute settlement
– Article 7 Right to self-defense
Securing sustainable peace: includes targets for the means of implementation
– Article 8 Freedom of religion
– Article 9 Religion, ethnic identity and peace
– Article 10 Spreading a culture of peace
Why ICAN won? ICAN is the abbreviation for International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons. They awarded “for its ground-breaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition of such weapons.” Successfully on 7 July 2017, The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) is adopted at the United Nations by a vote of 122-1! The ICAN said ‘TPNW‘ is “a landmark international agreement that outlaws, categorically, the worst weapons of mass destruction and establishes a pathway to their elimination.”
But since adoption, it was criticized for non-binding.
When voted of 122-1, one third of 193 U.N. member countries boycotted the vote. ‘Authorized’ nuclear nations, U.S, Russia, China, UK, France boycotted. Also ‘Unauthorized’ nuclear nations, India, Pakistan, Israel, North Korea boycotted. The number of actual signature is 53 countries.
The U.S. State Department said “Unfortunately, This treaty will not make the world more peaceful, will not result in the elimination of a single nuclear weapon, and will not enhance any state’s security.” Also the Britain and France said the prohibition wouldn’t work. The Russia said ‘It is the romance which is misleading but also dangerous.’ But the Norwegian Nobel Committee supported the ICAN‘s peace movement. It is important!!!
Nobel’s support is equal to that of the rest of the world.
What is the ICAN’s ground-breaking efforts?
NPT vs TPNW
TPNW contributed to the continued role of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), emphasizing its “vital role in promoting international peace and security”.
There is the distinction between states entitled to possess such weapons and non-nuclear weapon states in NPT. But in TPNW it is not.
The TPNW also forbids states party to the treaty from allowing “any stationing, installation or deployment” of nuclear weapons on their territory, a prohibition that is not explicitly included in the NPT.
States party to the TPNW are prohibited from conducting nuclear tests, while the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) has not yet entered into force.
Beyond Nuclear Disarmament
The purpose of the Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War (DPCW) is to end the war. If so, the nuclear disarmament is a natural consequence. Actually, DPCW has an article of elimination of nuclear weapons. I know many people think it is a naive desire. But the success of ICAN already show you that ‘the world wants peace’. We must keep the Nobel’s will.
DPCW Article 1 – Prohibition of the threat or use of force
3. States should prohibit any act or threat of violence, whatever its motives or purposes, that occurs for the advancement of an individual or collective criminal agenda.
DPCW Article 2 – War potential
2. States should not produce, assist in, encourage, or induce; the production of weapons of mass destruction, inter alia, chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons, or weapons capable of causing indiscriminate or widespread and unnecessary suffering, or weapons incompatible with international humanitarian law. 3. States should take measures to ensure that existing weapons of mass destruction, weapons capable of causing widespread and unnecessary suffering and weapons incompatible with international humanitarian law are gradually dismantled or destroyed. States should cooperate in disarmament and the reduction of arms stockpiles, ideally under international supervision. Decommissioned weapons manufacturing facilities should be repurposed, so that they may serve purposes that are beneficial to humanity in general.
The World supports the DPCW
In August, two African countries, eSwatini and Seychelles, officially proclaimed the National Solidarity Statement for the promotion of the DPCW. Also, the Central American Parliament (Diputados del Parlamento Centroamericano, PARLACEN), with 6 member-states, completed the official process of approval for the DPCW on January, 2018. The only thing left is the adoption of the DPCW as a UN resolution. I look forward to the support of the Nobel Committee.
Mr.PravinH.Parekh, President of the Confederation of Indian Bar
“Today one country saying ‘yes, Chairman Lee I accept your declaration’ is not enough, even 10 countries saying this is not good enough. Therefore, we need the United Nations.
In fact, the United Nations came out in 1948 from the Human Rights Declaration and that is a very good document but things have changed from 1948 until now and, therefore, it is necessary that the United Nations adopts the Declaration made by us…so that when the United Nations accepts it, it becomes binding to all the countries in the world.
That is the effort Chairman Lee had been doing and we should all support Chairman Lee in ensuring that this becomes a United Nations document.”
H.E. Gennady Burbulis
Former State Secretary of Russia and President of Baltic-Black Sea Forum
He declared support for the DPCW on behalf of the Baltic-Black Sea Board of Directors. He stated, “The MOU and MOA express our intention to work together in this important issue. Sometimes we can think that this problem or question of promoting peace is difficult or sometimes we can think that is very utopian, but we shouldn’t forget that there are many international or law organizations that unfortunately today, even the UN, do not function according to the purpose for which it was established.
So that brings the threats to all humanity…. We cannot ignore these facts. So, in our work together we should take into consideration this reality. With all of that, we eagerly support the DPCW and we really believe that it is a very important declaration,” reaffirming support for the adoption of the DPCW at the UN.
Human rights quotes! “A right delayed is a right denied.” – Martin Luther King, Jr.
“To deny people their human rights is to challenge their very humanity.” – Nelson Mandela
“Freedom means the supremacy of human rights everywhere. Our support goes to those who struggle to gain those rights or keep them. Our strength is our unity of purpose. To that high concept there can be no end save victory.” – Franklin D. Roosevelt
“Until justice rolls down like water and righteousness like a mighty stream.” – King Jr.
Human rights quotes for the world
“We declare that human rights are for all of us, all the time: whoever we are and wherever we are from; no matter our class, our opinions, our sexual orientation.” – UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon
“Let us remember: One book, one pen, one child, and one teacher can change the world.” – Malala Yousafzai, Pakistani education activist
“Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.”
― United Nations, Universal Declaration of Human Rights
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestonedocument in the history of human rights. Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected and it has been translated into over 500 languages.
“All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.”
The UN Charter
WE THE PEOPLES OF THE UNITED NATIONS DETERMINED
to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind, and
to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small, and
ro establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained, and
to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,
AND FOR THESE ENDS
to practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbours, and
to unite our strength to maintain international peace and security, and
ro ensure, by the acceptance of principles and the institution of methods, that armed force shall not be used, save in the common interest, and
to employ international machinery for the promotion of the economic and social advancement of all peoples,
HAVE RESOLVED TO COMBINE OUR EFFORTS TO ACCOMPLISH THESE AIMS
Accordingly, our respective Governments, through representatives assembled in the city of San Francisco, who have exhibited their full powers found to be in good and due form, have agreed to the present Charter of the United Nations and do hereby establish an international organization to be known as the United Nations.
What do you think?
Maybe you can think a lot. If you see many violations of human rights, you can think ‘Isn’t it just a piece of paper? Help me not to have false hope.’ It is enough to make the angels weep. But if you have been lived without any problems, you can think ‘Isn’t it too obvious? From the time I was born, it was a matter of course.’ It is a really difficult issue. I wonder if we can solve it. Let’s have some coffee and get our thoughts straight. It is not to find the answer. Live with the answer!
“Everything is lost in war. Everything is gained with peace” – Pope Francis