Over seven million people — about two thirds of the population — are in need of aid, including around 6.9 million people experiencing hunger. Food security is expected to deteriorate more, with 7.7 million people estimated to face crisis levels of hunger. The ongoing conflict and insecurity have pushed millions to the brink of starvation for years. (MERCY CORPS statistics as of June 2019)
Due to persistent intercommunal violence, including cattle raids, revenge attacks and armed ambushes, many people in the region have been reduced to relying on relief aid.
Is there really no hope?
The more desperate man is, the stronger he becomes.
The first thing to do is to blame the system for creating this world imbalance, and then we’ll have to do what we do.
The Women is Strong
This time, women gathered strength. With support from the UN mission in the country, UNMISS, ox ploughs were handed to women’s groups.
“The challenge they reported was a lack of implements to increase their food production. That’s how the ox plough idea was born,” said Samuel Owoko, a representative of Sans Frontieres Germany, the organization implementing the project.
They did really great things. In the book of ‘Doing Good Better’, companies spend a lot of money to help, but in reality they are not helpful and often get in the way.
Ms. Agor, the women’s group leader, said “We have been using hand hoes, and with that you can only do so much. With these ox ploughs coming in, we shall cultivate bigger areas which will help us sustain our families throughout the long dry spell.”
She also had a message for the national authorities: “We want our Government to make sure that there is enough security so that we can bring in our bulls and cultivate. Without peace, that will not be possible. Right now, the roads are full of armed youth. They should go away so that our men can safely return with their cattle”.
Hi, I’m Ming Taylor. I am 26 years old and live in Sydney. I came from Korea to study abroad, and I’m a medical student.
But I didn’t write much about medicine. lol It’s not that I’m not interested at all, but I was a little lost because I had a shocking incident when I was 20. This is when I decide to become a real doctor, not just a doctor. I’ll tell you later.
Then, I have a one question. What more do I know when I make a lover, and can I really say I know about him or her? It’s so difficult. keep thinking!
5 Keywords to explain me
My 11 Notes
UN & Peace
Single Startup Company
1. “My 11 Notes”
: In a word, I’m currently writing my 11th notes with all the things that inspire me. It doesn’t matter. I write everything like books, people, YouTube videos, lectures, ideas that I find while taking a walk. It is the most precious treasure of my life.
I started keeping a diary when I was 19 years old. Korea is a country with a very high passion for education. Especially, I was on the top class of the students like the drama “Sky Castle,” which is about students competing fiercely to enter Korea’s top medical school. I had to study 15 hours a day from 13 to 19. What was needed most at this time was mental management. This is when I began to write down.
The most recent writings are “The Great Learning, The Doctrine of the Mean, Confucian Analects, The Works of Mencius,” and “The Story of Art” of Ernst Gombrich. There are still seven books borrowed from the library. 🙂
2. “International Organization”
: I intend to become a doctor and work for an international organization. I’m also planning to have a master’s degree in public health, which is a must, and I want to work in places like Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) or WHO. Why?
When I was young, I thought I could help many people as a doctor. However, while attending medical school in Korea at the age of 20, all of the fantasies were shattered. I got lost, I lived without a destination.
I’m sure there are many good doctors, but the doctors I met were busy spending money and obscene. My values were shocking. Since then, I think I’ve been looking for more and more. Among them, I was influenced a lot by Dr. Lee Guk-jong. He told us that we should leave Korea. Please search for more details. There is a sad story.
I don’t know what projects I’ll be in charge of at the international organization, but for now, I’ve set the direction like this.
3. “UN & Peace”
: I love the United Nations and the value of peace. It is not just about fighting with guns. I am saying the answer that can solve all the problems.
Being interested in international organizations, I naturally became curious about the situation in the world. There were so many problems in the world. I think the problems of slavery and human rights have been resolved to some extent. But there’s still a long way to go.
This can be seen from just a glance at history. Human history is closer to the history of war than to peace. In 1945, World War II was over. At this time, the United Nations was founded to maintain international peace and security. The more I know about the United Nations, the more I’ve fallen for its charm. Of course, there are many criticisms. I was impressed with the purpose and meaning.
Especially, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 2030 are so lovely. It is a collection of 17 global goals designed to be a “blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all”. Among them, the most fundamental thing I think is “peace.”
So, my favorite quote is “There is no path to peace. Peace is the path” by Mahatma Gandhi.
4. “Artistic Sense”
: I have a good sense of design, video production, script writing, and music. I’m not just an expert, but I know how it feels. Since I’m not a genius, I try to develop my senses. I often surf the “Behance” or “Pinterest,” a paradise for artists. I am interested in many things because I have to see and hear many things deeply.
I like Netflix, movies, dramas, and pop music. Recently, my favorite person is “Billie Eilish,” a american singer-songwriter. Her voice and dance are so attractive. I’ll bring the first video I fell in love with.
I already became her fan in 00:35 of this video. ahahaa yeahhh I think each of these will help me a lot when I do a project later or when I plan a campaign, so I am trying hard now. Ah, I also like emotional cafes.
5. “Single Startup Company”
: It has two meanings. The first thing I mean is to run a non-profit startup after I become a doctor. The second means that I will be the CEO of my life and run myself.
I’d like to get a bunch of talented people together and do something big. Something that will surprise the world. To do that, I think I need to live my own life first. Not just talking and useless knowledge learned at school, I really needs real ability. I’m also trying to take a lecture at MOOC like Coursera, edX and MIT OCW.
There are so many things to learn and do in the world! I hope to be the main character of this rapidly changing era. 🙂
I think I introduced myself too long. Well… it’s over anyway! Bye~
Malian President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita recently said that his government was ready to hold talks with the main jihadist leaders in the country. (VoA)
“Why not try to contact those who we know are pulling the strings,” Keita told French media last week. “The number of deaths in the Sahel is becoming exponential. It’s time for certain avenues to be explored.”
The United Nations reported that the number of children killed in the conflict in the first six months of 2019 was twice as many for the entire year of 2018. Many of the children have been killed in inter communal attacks attributed to ethnic militias, with the majority of attacks occurring around Mopti.
A day ago, at least three Mali soldiers were killed and five wounded Sunday in a suspected jihadist attack. Also, other recent conflicts in West Africa caused several casualties.
Since this is a place where people know the importance of peace, there are also many people who seek the path to peace.
Mali Parliament in West Africa Unites for Peace
At the Mali parliament, 25 congressmen and 4 national executive officials gathered for the proclamation ceremony for the ‘Network of Parliamentarians for the Culture of Peace and the Cessation of Wars’. This meeting, held on December 21, 2019, was held to discuss spreading the culture of peace, eliminating unnecessary sacrifices caused by internal conflict and terrorism in Mali.
Aurora Celestin, the representative of HWPL France Branch, introduced the Global Declaration of Peace and Cessation of war (DPCW) as a solution to Mali’s existing conflict and poverty. As a result, the congressmen stressed that “DPCW is a legal document that is much needed in Mali” and that “the president, senior government officials and other congressmen will actively implement the contents of the DPCW in their country.”
Especially, Diarra Moussa, a member of the Parliament and the Presider of the meeting said, “Many are working for peace in Mali and there are many laws. However, implementation of the law had always been the problem. Therefore, there needs to be a solution like the DPCW to spread the culture of peace where people start to abide by the laws.”
Kane Babba Hama Sidy, a member of the Mali Parliament, who signed the DPCW Support Letter said, “It is the right time to establish this network, bearing in mind the current situation of Mali. It is time to work for peace,” emphasizing the act of spreading the culture of peace through DPCW.
The assassination by the US of Iran’s most powerful general, Qasem Soleimani, has caused an escalation in tensions between the two countries.
In the wake of an Iranian ballistic missile attack on air bases which house US forces in Iraq, U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres reiterated his call for the United States and Iran to stop the conflict and pursue peace.
President Trump’s speech after Iran’s strike
As a reaction to Iran’s strike, Donald Trump said “Iran has been the leading sponsor of terrorism, and their pursuit of nuclear weapons threatens the civilized world. We will never let that happen.
Iran’s hostilities substantially increased after the foolish Iran nuclear deal was signed in 2013, and they were given $150 billion, not to mention $1.8 billion in cash. Instead of saying “thank you” to the United States, they chanted “death to America.”
Iran must abandon its nuclear ambitions and end its support for terrorism. The time has come for the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Russia, and China to recognize this reality.
Today, I am going to ask NATO to become much more involved in the Middle East process.
Finally, to the people and leaders of Iran: We want you to have a future and a great future — one that you deserve, one of prosperity at home, and harmony with the nations of the world.”
These are just a summary of what I think is important in his speech. If you want to read the full speech, just click on the video and the link below.
UN Secretary General said “The world cannot afford Wars”
In a brief media address, Guterres said “we are living in dangerous times” worldwide as “geopolitical tensions are at their highest level this century.”
Also in a statement released by his Spokesperson, Stéphane Dujarric, on Monday António Guterres made a passionate appeal for peace.
His message to world leaders was simple:
“Stop escalation. Exercise maximum restraint. Re-start dialogue”, and “renew international cooperation.”
This appeal remains as important today as it was on Monday.
For his part, the Secretary-General will continue his active engagement with relevant actors. “It is our common duty to make every effort to avoid a war in the Gulf that the world cannot afford. We must not forget the terrible human suffering caused by war. As always, ordinary people pay the highest price.“
I condemn the Iranian missile attacks on US & @coalition forces in Iraq. #NATO calls on Iran to refrain from further violence. Allies continue to consult & remain committed to our training mission in Iraq. pic.twitter.com/6PdXMZxSNB
Jens Stoltenberg, NATO Secretary General, said like this.
The use of weapons must stop NOW to give space for dialogue. We are called upon to do everything possible to rekindle talks. There cannot be enough of that. We have established and timetested relations with many actors in the region and beyond to de-escalate the situation.
Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission, emphasized the importance of not using weapon for dialogue. European countries such as Britain and France have also appealed for easing tensions.
I also think we can’t afford war. It’s really unclear whether our future will be a tragedy or a happy one. In fact, our daily lives begin again tomorrow. I don’t think we have many options. Forget it or fight it. I hope we risk our lives for peace.
Because peace is just as valuable, and war is too painful to be explained in words. The aftereffects are enormous. Who can be held accountable?
As the result of the 30th world peace tour was great, I am looking forward to the HWPL 31st World Peace Tour. These postings are the ones that I write one by one. If you look at them one by one, you can see the reason why experts said “HWPL is the most powerful international peace NGO”. Actually, HWPL is associated with UN DPI and ECOSOC.
Why is Mr. Man hee Lee, Chairman of HWPL, supported by 3.7 billion women and 1.6 billion young men? Why is the Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War (DPCW) proposed by HWPL the answer to peace?
At the 2nd of Apr., 2019 16:00 (GMT+3), 2019 PEACE EDUCATION Conference will be held in Romania. Regardless of differences in religious, ethnic, and cultural backgrounds, HWPL is closely contributing to the leading for peace. How can we achieve peace? According to statistics of UNICEF, Over 10% of young women in 5 European countries experience sexual violence before age 15. #ENDviolence
Now, The role of Teacher and Peace Education is important more than ever. We are at the forefront in implementing peace education for children and the youth. Especially, Romania is the hometown of H.E. Emil Constantinescu, former president of Romania. He knows peace better than anyone else. I can’t help but admit it when I hear about his life. I wrote down his biography.
Check all this out on YouTube LIVE!! Check with your own eyes!!
Subtitle: Civil Society’s Role for Peaceful Unification of the Korean Peninsula
Thursday, 14 March 2019, 4:00 PM (GMT+9)
The 3rd Annual Commemoration of the Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War (DPCW) was held on 14 March 2019 in Seoul, Korea and other major cities around the world. They shared the outcomes of activities undertaken to introduce the 10 articles and 38 clauses of the DPCW to the United Nations and the present status of the international community’s support.
Mr.Pravin H. Parekh, President of the Confederation of Indian Bar and HWPL International Law Peace Committee Chairperson, said “I am very happy to attend the 3rd Annual Commemoration of the DPCW to review and discuss the inclusion of DPCW in the curriculum of law school students in order to achieve real world peace. Mr.Man Hee Lee created the right consciousness of students and teachers around the world. The Chairman Lee is committed to ensuring that all countries and citizens have a dream of achieving world peace.
He says that world peace can be achieved when there is supports from all countries around the world, as well as the support of UN, UNESCO and UNICEF. Mr.Lee continues to contact not only the United Nations and other international organizations, but also the rulers and intellectuals of other countries for world peace. Young people, including schools and universities, are huge supporters of HWPL. We are fighting for a harmonious world against clearly exceeding cruelty, violence and imbalance.
At this moment, every young man, every woman, every citizen is sending Peace Letters to representatives of each country. Peace Letter appeals to the presidents of each country to support DPCW to be introduced to the United Nations. And we will adopt DPCW through the United Nations. Today will be remembered as an important day in an effort to achieve global peace. We are one.”
Also, around 30,000 participants discussed the role of civil society for peaceful unification of the Korean Peninsula. Through a lecture on “Civil Society’s Role for Peaceful Unification, Exchange, and Cooperation of the Korean Peninsula,” there will be a discussion on cooperation for building up social consensus on peace and unification among civil society. They also had time to write peace letters to PresidentMoon Jae-in as a kind of “Peace Letter Campaign.” What did they say to the president?
The President Moon is now in Malaysia. ASEAN is very important to Korea. At the interview with Asia News Network, President Moon emphasized “Peace & Prosperity.” He’s really made a lot of effort for peace so far. From the PyeongChang Peace Olympics to Inter-Korean summits with Kim Jong-un, Moon placed the greatest value on peace.
If you want to know more about Peace on the Korean Peninsula
Hello, Mr. President. I am a college student who loves peace. I know that you are always trying to make peace and that you are still working hard. But I know it’s a lot of trouble. Like Socrates, you’re acting as a midwife, but there are times when things don’t work out. As a Korean, I am studying abroad in Sydney now, but I am very sorry.
I remember you, Mr. President, who was a human rights lawyer. Human-centered politics has touched the hearts of countless people. Also, I remember you said at the UN General Assembly that “ending the Korean War” is an “urgent task.” (Reference) I completely agree with you. But why hasn’t it been done yet? Do you know how to achieve peace on the Korean Peninsula? How on earth can we do this?
The answer is “Civil Society.” The Role of Civil Society is really important. That’s why HWPL associated with IPYG and IWPG. IPYG brings 1.8 billion young people from all over the world together and IWPG brings 3.7 billion women from all over the world together. If citizens around the world shout in one direction with one voice, which leader can stop it? We can do it. You can’t do it because you don’t.
Is this just a young man’s dream? Is it naive? If that’s my only story, of course, it could be. But HWPL makes a difference. Because there’s a huge number of people coming to HWPL. Why is that? HWPL is considered by foreign media and experts to be the most powerful and practical international NGO. The real reason is that HWPL has the answer to peace, “the Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War (DPCW).”
DPCW, declared on March 14, 2016, was created by 21 prominent international law professionals, “The HWPL International Peace Law Committee.” H.E. Viktor Yushchhenko, Former President of Ukraine, said “The Declaration on Peace and the Cessation of War (DPCW) is a full and measured document and it is worth supporting political leaders and citizens around the world.” In particular, I think the Article 5 of the DPCW can help us. Some of the following are excerpts.
Article 5 – Self-determination
1. The duty of every state to refrain from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any other state includes the duty not to engage in any action that would result in the dismemberment of any state, or force the secession or annexation of any territorial unit from that state.
2. Subject to the right to self-determination of peoples, states shall not engage in any intervention that seeks to divide or separate a state in a manner that is contrary to the rules of international law.
3. Subject to the provisions of the present article, States should encourage identifiable nation-states that have been divided by longstanding external or historical factors to engage in co-operation and dialogue. States should ensure that divided peoples are provided with their right to self-determination, including, inter alia, measures which may result in unified government.
President Moon Jae-in, if you really love the people and the country, please sign the DPCW!
IPYG all over the world is urging presidents from around the world to sign the DPCW. In less than a year, 165,782 Peace Letters were collected. DPCW already has national supports such as Seychelles, Eswatini, and Comoros. In 2017, the central american parliament passed a resolution in support of the DPCW. Also, the Pan-African Parliament (PAP), which represents all citizens of 55 countries of the African Continent, the International Centre for Black Sea-Baltic Studies and Consensus Practices (Centre BBS), which consisted of former European Presidents, and 145 United Nations officials also supported the DPCW.
Please support the DPCW to be introduced into the U.N. resolution and to be legally binding all over the world.
It’s our Korea that put a gun to our fellow countrymen’s chest. You know the pain of war, don’t you? Why should we be divided under longstanding external and historical factors? It is the only divided country in the world. Who can pay back the lives of countless young men who died in the war?
Mr. President, I don’t want to die. I want to love, dream and sing. Your choice is very important now. Please sign the DPCW. If not, please let me know why. We can do it! Why not?
I don’t want you to be remembered as a president to future generations who wanted war. I hope you to be remembered as the president who took the lead over anyone else for peace. Pleas write back.
Thanks for reading my peace letter, President Moon Jae-in.
Over 1,000 social leaders gathered in Cambodia to discuss ways to make peace in Southeast Asia, according to HWPL 30th World Peace Tour. The ‘Peace Message for the Implementation of Peaceful Religions’ was held in Phnom Penh to develop peace-building measures for Cambodian Peace Process. The event also considered Southeast Asian efforts for decades to tackle violent extremism including terrorism and internal conflicts.
About 450 participants including religious leaders from Buddhism, Islam and Christianity in Cambodia, South Korea, Thailand, Vietnam, India and Singapore joined the forum. Cambodian supreme monk Tep Vong expressed his support to peace efforts saying that international cooperation as championed by HWPL could end wars and conflicts.
Now I’m writing the lower part of the following posting.
Cambodian Peace Process: 30th Peacetour
One social leader of Cambodia, “Religion should serve as an educator teaching good behaviour to all people in the world. However, some religions are threatening freedom of religion and human rights of religious people. Each religion must cease to do evil in the name of religion.”
Man hee Lee, the Chairman of HWPL, urged the forum to support his efforts to have UN resolution for DPCW saying: “Now we have the answer within the 10 articles and 38 clauses of the DPCW to achieve peace and end the war. There is no one who doesn’t want peace.”
What was their joy when the war was over? The 1991 Paris Peace Agreements (Khmer: សន្ធិសញ្ញាសន្តិភាពទីក្រុងប៉ារីស) marked the official end of the Cambodian–Vietnamese War on October 23, 1991. The agreement was signed by nineteen countries. For more than twenty years, an estimated 1.7 million people lost their lives to violence and famine. For agreement, the United Nations would send a mission to Cambodia (UNTAC) until 1993. The purpose is to make “an environment in which respect for human rights shall be ensured.”
Professor Surya Subedi of Nepal emphasized that signing of the Agreements has brought “enormous dividends” to all Cambodians. This is really a huge one. Now they can grow and develop. This is because the culture of peace has been established.
War is still going on, and countless people are suffering. To them, death is too near, and precious people are easily lost. Who can handle their pain? Who can sympathize with their pain?
Writing this, I would like to ask the King of Cambodia, Prime Minister, President of the Senate, President of the National Assembly and all Cambodians to support the DPCW. Because you have already experienced peace! You know what the power of a piece of paper is. Haven’t you experienced a lot of the pain of war? If you really love peace, please support DPCW. Or come up with an new answer to peace. Stay still is because you want a war and are waiting for it.
Please try to help people all over the world experience a culture of peace. DPCW can change the world. There are two paths in front of us. “Peaceful Future” or “Endless War” Let’s leave peace as a legacy to future generations.
Already, UN permanent representatives of 145 countries recognize the need for the DPCW. In 2017, the central american parliament passed a resolution in support of the DPCW. In Africa, HWPL and the Pan-African Parliament (PAP) signed MOU to support the DPCW. The PAP is the legislative body of the African Union consisting of 55 countries of the continent of Africa. This means the support of the entire continent of Africa.
Not at all, Seychelles, Eswatini, and Comoros expressed support for the DPCW at the NATIONAL LEVEL.
Now only your choice remains. What is your choice?
“Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration,
without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion,
political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.” – Article 2 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)
A New York Times advertisement space on November 28th dealt with women human rights issue. I will introduce you to New York times Human Rights News!
On November 25, it is the ‘U.N. International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women‘. It was the day in 1981 when three sisters of the Dominican Republic protested against the dictatorship of the government. The Day was started to remember that sisters were killed by violence, and many people from all over the world including Spain are participating in demonstrations and holding campaigns. Despite these efforts, a 25-year-old woman died in a pension in Korea on January 18, 2018.
Why did she have to die of suffocation when she had so many dreams? Why did parents keep their adorable daughter in custody? # New York times Human rights
Human Rights is still alive?
Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings. It’s the right to live like a human being. The Article 1 of UDHR, ‘All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood‘, shows the spirit of human rights. Human rights should not be discriminated against for any reason, including race, skin color, sex, language, religion, etc. UN http://www.un.org/en/sections/issues-depth/human-rights/index.html
The United Nations Charter confirmed people’s beliefs about basic human rights and promised to keep this human rights. To make sure that we keep this promise, we have to define ‘what human rights are and what freedom is’ that everyone can understand. It is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which is now the most recognized.
Thus, on December 10, 1948, 50 of the 58 member states of the United Nations declared the Declaration of Human Rights in favor of it. This was unprecedented in human history. Therefore, “THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY proclaims THIS UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction.” http://www.un.org/en/universal-declaration-human-rights/
A flower falls
But despite these efforts, there are still many incidents of serious human rights violations.
On December 30, 2017, a 25-year-old girl left her friends with a message saying, “I will travel with my family.” Then on January 18, 2018, she returned to us as a ‘cold and blue corpse‘. According to one friend’s testimony, the late Ms. Ji-in Gu was a ‘nice friend who spent time with his family when she was busy and she had many dreams and was so passionate.’ And her friend continued “I’m so sorry and angry. I miss her terribly.” She was imprisoned in a pension in South Korea. After a scuffle with her parents, she was presumed to have choked to death.
There is a message left by Ms. Gu in her lifetime. “Hello. I’m Ji-in Gu. Mr. President, Please listen to my story. Stop the painful kidnapping, detention and endless assaults in 44 days.” Yes, that’s right. It was not the first time that Ms. Gu was kidnapped and detained. She was imprisoned for 44 days in a monastery on June 2016 and she had a really painful time both soul and body. I mentioned it in my posting, but a year later, nothing has changed. Maybe she’s crying in the sky.
“She petitioned the president for help, but nothing changed and she died. Will you take action after I die?” said Ji-in’s friends.
You can feel the depth of sadness in their memorial songs.
Want to be a warm star to people swaying in the night winds Born as a flower, you always said you would be a star
Want to give them warm warmth, who bear heartaches How lonely you are in the darkness, not open even when you pat.
Even in our dreams, we meet again. Because always we dream the same dream. You’ll pray for us in the sky
To you now being a star, The beloved in tears give you a white flower that has your scent We’ll meet again in the sky
You and I are glittering in longing Even when you close your eyes, you didn’t let your desire go Now we’ll make sure your wishes come true
There are still two questions left in this poignant story. Why did she have to die of suffocation? Why did parents keep their adorable daughter in custody? Let’s look at the next posting. # New York times Human rights
Things not all that rosy in Zimbabwe. On 18 June 2017, in Ward 23, Chitungwiza Zanu PF youths allegedly assaulted MDC-T youths. The MDC-T youths were meeting at the home of Chitungwiza Deputy Organising Secretary of the Women’s Assembly, Anna Mutara when they were attacked. Tension is brewing, as it was in the past.
From 12 December 1979 to 17 April 1980, Zimbabwe Rhodesia was again the British colony of Southern Rhodesia. The Rhodesian Bush War—also known as the Second Chimurenga or the Zimbabwe War of Liberation—was a civil war that took place from July 1964 to December 1979 in the unrecognised country of Rhodesia.
On 18 April 1980, Southern Rhodesia became the independent Republic of Zimbabwe. Conflict today remains rooted in disputes over national power, economic hardship and pre-colonial disputes which have not been resolved. How does Zimbabwe, with its sad memory, maintain its peace?
Zimbabwe Peace Project
They know the value of peace more than anyone else. So, Zimbabwe Peace Project (ZPP) was established in 2000 by a group of non-governmental and church organisations. Since inception, ZPP has produced timely national monthly monitoring reports on violence and human rights violations. The VISION of ZPP is that ‘A Zimbabwe where there is Peace, Justice, Dignity and Development for all.’ Other peace organizations are the ‘African Union‘, ‘Silveria Hourse‘ and ‘Catholic Commission for Justice and Peace in Zimbabwe (CCJPZ).’ However someone is using war for their own benefit, there are many people who are trying to make peace.
To work for sustainable peace through monitoring, documentation, advocacy and community peace building interventions with our members and partners
♦ Respect for Human & Women’s Rights ♦ Respect & Tolerance of Diversity ♦ Justice & Public Accountability ♦ Commitment to the vulnerable and Marginalised
Peace is not only the absence of war; and peace could also be defined as the state of the mind
The Calls of the citizens
While President Emmerson Mnangagwa recently told the United Nations General Assembly, that he was ready to engage the opposition, for possible working together; on the ground, nothing seems to be happening. Apparently, opposition leader, Nelson Chamisa recently told a media briefing that prioritising nation and peace building is the prime ingredient for national prosperity. But critics say that their speeches were just words and the leaders have no real will. Zimbabweans are stressed, and things are not working out, most citizens have been calling on the national leaders to find the Answer to Peace.
While, the calls are worthwhile, the media has been urged to play key role. A prominent political commentator, Elder Mabhunu agrees, says “The media should play one of its legislative mandate, that is agenda setting, in promoting unity and peace, the key element in nation building and sustainable development.” He says the press should lead the pack in causing a paradigm shift towards national development through reporting on peace initiatives. He continued, “Gone are the days when only conflict reporting was deemed to be real news. Peace news reporting should now take lead.”
“We must always remember the great power that the media has to promote war,
just as it has to promote peace. Today’s wars no longer occur in isolation within a state. Whether it’s terrorism or a refugee crisis it is truly a global problem, and for this reason the solution must also be global.”
Peace Initiative International Peace Media Community
According to the Heavenly Culture, World Peace, Restoration of Light (HWPL), HWPL chairpersonMan Hee Lee recently challenged journalists who are the custodians of information as peace messengers. He said the press should use the power of influence it has, to shape leaders’ perceptions. “If journalists dedicate themselves to peace building efforts, the thought of people especially politicians will change.” I think it is the Answer to Peace.
“Peace Initiative” is a global journalist network in efforts of facilitating a culture of peace as contribution to conflict resolution and peace building through press freedom and freedom of information stipulated in the UN resolutions and international agreements. Individual journalists and media agencies affiliated with “Peace Initiative” dedicate to spreading news of peace to enhance human rights and protect democracy.
Lastly Mr. Ian Seo, Affiliation Chief Manager of the International Press Department of HWPL HQ, emphasized, “The ultimate goal of the DPCW is to create a firm foundation of law that binds every citizen and nation together, which has never existed on this planet until now.”
He then continued, “This kind of use of force makes it more difficult to resolve conflicts and establish peace and security in that region. Therefore, we need a strong legal instrument such as Article 1 of the DPCW. I fully agree with the principles of this declaration, since there is no alternative to peace negotiations. We can approach the resolution of such complex problems step by step through a legal instrument based on the principles of the DPCW.”
He also gave his heartfelt support for the initiative, stating, “In this context, I am glad that HWPL and journalists from different countries considered the need to create a “Global Peace Media Network” in order to not only inform the public about the existence of conflicts, but also to outline ways to resolve them.”
He explained “There has only been one same answer from Chairman Lee regarding all the conflicts around the globe. It is a person with the spirit of peace. The United Nations, the DPCW, international cooperation, and the participation of civil society are all necessary, but it is the people who are at the center of these instruments. We have come to realize that the collective strength of each person’s will creates the era of peace, and that the spirit of peace we want to achieve is the driving force to make our world one under the title of peace. Many journalists came to say that it is their mission to make a world of peace by developing this spirit through spreading the message of peace to the world. The very result after a series of consultations is the “Peace Initiative” as you can see right now.”
He also explained, “‘Peace Initiative’ is a platform for journalists from different countries to spread the news of peace throughout the world. As a teaching material to understand peace, as a seed to be planted in every part of the world, your will and desire for peace is the very result of what we can and must do for our present and future generations.”
On 27 November 1895, Alfred Nobel signed his last will and testament. Nobel’s will said prize should be given to “the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses.”
Alfred Nobel was acquainted with Bertha von Suttner, who was a driving force in the international peace movement in Europe. She influenced his views on peace. Peace was the fifth and final prize area that Nobel mentioned in his will. The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded by the Norwegian Nobel Committee elected by the Norwegian Parliament (Stortinget).
the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize
There are 331 candidates for the Nobel Peace Prize for 2018 out of which 216 are individuals and 115 are organizations. The names of the nominees and other information about the nominations cannot be revealed until 50 years later.
All Nobel Prizes are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden, except for the Nobel Peace Prize, which is awarded in Oslo, Norway. The founder of the Nobel Prize, Alfred Nobel, was a Swedish cosmopolitan. In his will, he declared that the Nobel Peace Prize should be awarded by a Norwegian committee.
Who is the Nobel Peace Prize winner of 2018?
The Nobel Peace Prize 2017
The International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) received the award “for its work to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and for its ground-breaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition of such weapons”.
The Nobel Peace Prize 2016
The Nobel Peace Prize 2016 was awarded to Juan Manuel Santos “for his resolute efforts to bring the country’s more than 50-year-long civil war to an end.” Juan Manuel Santos is a president of Colombia. (2010–18) He signed a peace treaty with the Marxist guerrilla organization FARC (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia; “Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia”).
All eyes are on Peace of Korean Peninsula
There has been plenty of speculation about the possible recipient of this year’s Nobel Peace Prize. But no one can know until the envelope containing the winner’s name is opened. Speculation has it that Moon Jae-In and Kim Jong-Un deserve the prize because of their unprecedented efforts to ease military tension on the Korean Peninsula and above all their public commitment to denuclearize the North. But skeptics say ‘Not yet’ because the North has taken no concrete step toward denuclearization. Let’s see the public opinion. British online betting site nicerodds rates the Moon Jae-In and Kim Jong-Un as the most likely, followed by Kim Jong-Un and Donald Trump.
Robert Reich, a former U.S. cabinet member, has praised President Moon Jae-in’s “broker diplomacy” between U.S. President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un. He continued “But if there is ever going to be a lasting peace on the Korean Peninsula, the person who will deserve the Nobel Peace Prize won’t be Trump. It will be South Korea’s president, Moon Jae-in.”
South Korean President Moon Jae-in said the ‘Nobel Peace Prize should go to U.S. President Donald Trump‘, if anyone were to win it for their efforts to resolve the issues with North Korea. He said “the Nobel Peace Prize is for Trump and we only need to bring peace.”
List of public opinion(British online betting site nicerodds)
1. Kim Jong-Un & Moon Jae-In 2. Kim Jong-Un & Donald Trump 3. Donald Trump 4. Denis Mukwege + Yanar Mohammed 5. Novaya Gazeta 6. W.F.P. 7. U.N.H.C.R. 8. Raif Badawi 9. Aclu 10. Carios Puigdemont
Why Chairman Man hee Lee? He is a Korean War veteran, knows the horrors of war than a person ever knew. So the chairman Lee is running really hard for Peace on the Korean Peninsula. Also, he is the chairman of Heavenly Culture, World Peace and Restoration of Light (HWPL). HWPL is is an international peace nonprofit organization registered with the United Nations Department of Public Information (DPI) and the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). There are three reasons why the Man hee Lee will win the Nobel Peace Prize.
“When the light of heaven shines in the hearts of people,
it becomes the light that never fades away.” – the chairman Man hee Lee
3 Reasons Why chairman Man hee Lee win
1. HWPL 918 WARP Summit 2. Philippines Mindanao Island Peace Agreement & Peace Walk 3. Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War (DPCW)
First, HWPL 918 WARP Summit
Collaboration for Peace Development: Building a Peace Community through the DPCW
The 4th Annual Commemoration of the 2018 HWPL World Peace Summit was held in South Korea from the 17th to the 19th of September. This year, thousands of leaders and citizens from around the globe will gather for 3 days with the great determination of creating a peaceful world together. Under the theme of “Collaboration for Peace Development: Building a Peace Community through the DPCW”, the wind of peace is blowing all over the world. This 918 WARP Summit is the core of HWPL’s peace movement. The main agenda of the WARP Summit will be the introduction of the Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War (DPCW) to the United Nations (UN) as a binding resolution. It received a lot of spotlight from foreign media. HWPL has been recognized the most powerful and practical peace NGO. Programs are here. If you click one by one, you can know the reasons. Also, below is a Youtube replay link.
Hon. Emil Constantinescu, Former President of Romania
“Youth and women can become the most persuasive advisories of peace in the present and in the future. Both avoiding war and establishing peace-building processes require a laborious effort to create a culture of solidarity outlining a pragmatic style in which the statements should followed by effective actions. I believe that the Declaration of World Peace proclaimed in Seoul can get everyone around the world, no matter if they are men, women, youth or children, ready to unite under the mantle of peace and take the responsibility to promote the message of peace to the entire world. We are one.“
H.E. Viktor Yushchhenko, Former President of Ukraine
“I am deeply grateful to be able to implement the cause of peace in a specific way. This is truly a worthy cause. I was deeply impressed to see the DPCW with its refined and profound wisdom. I think it is worth the support from all leaders of the world. This is because the DPCW is a perfectly balanced document that was drafted through the great effort of international legal experts and is of fundamental value.”
H.E. Ivo Josipović, Former President of Croatia
“It is necessary for the two leaders(Kim Jong-Un and Moon Jae-In) to meet and discuss face-to-face. I believe that we can understand one another and accept each other’s differences through cultural exchanges, such as music and sports.”
Also, he emphasized “Presenting the Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War (DPCW) to the United Nations as a resolution, with our intention to build peace in the world, is novel and important.”
Second, Philippines Mindanao Island Peace Agreement & Peace Walk
The Chairman Man hee Lee is the messenger of peace who is making the actual result of peace. In 2014, he risked his life to go the area where many people died for 40 years in the bloody conflict in Mindanao. He prayed to God before to go Mindanao. He said “I won’t go if God don’t abide with me.” Then, he met with representatives of the two religions to resolve the religious conflict and drew a peace treaty.
The Chairman Man hee Lee of HWPL asked, “People who are gathered here, is there any want who want war?.”
No one answered. The Chairman Lee continued that “War sacrifices many lives and destroys many buildings. If there is anyone who wants war, please raise your hand.” With silence–, no one raised their hands. The Chairman Man hee Lee shouted strongly, “When there’s war, who is the one who is fighting in front of battle line that is the youth. We are born in the same world, same generation, but their lives cannot blossom, but their lives are lost in the battle!”
The Chairman Lee continued, “Now, we need to make a peaceful world to live. And when we inherit peaceful world to our future generation, nothing would be more valuable. That is why we need to urge all of our presidents. We need to urge them for the world to become peaceful sooner. I’m not saying something wrong. Am I? We have to make our world, our global village being paradise. This is our duty. And, this is what we have to do.” Everyone gave a standing ovation.
Colombia civil war for 52 years 220,000 died Mindanao civil war for 40 years 140,000 died
Connection with Nobel Peace Prize 2016
Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 2016. Colombian Civil War has cost the lives of at least 220,000 Colombians and displaced close to 6 million people. The Norwegian Nobel Committee said ‘the award should also be seen as a tribute to the Colombian people who, despite great hardships and abuses, have not given up hope of a just peace, and to all the parties who have contributed to the peace process. This tribute is paid, not least, to the representatives of the countless victims of the civil war.’
By the mediation of Cuban President Raul Castro, Rodrigo Londono (FARC) and Santos pledge to a peace agreement on 26th of September, 2016. Pen used in their signature is made from real bullet shell used in civil war. In pen grip “The bullet record our past. Education is our future.” is written in Spanish.
The only thing left was a referendum. That’s when the Nobel Prize 2016 was announced. But the peace agreement was rejected.
Yes 49.78% No50.21%
Also, voter turnout was 37%. Dissenting votes is 57,000 more than vote yes.
The people said ‘it is too generous for rebels.’ The Agreement said ‘War crimes like drug trafficking and kidnapping of civilians in the FARC will be exempted from obligation.’ And It ensures the legitimate political participation. They, who lost a family or whose family were taken hostage in FARC, were against the peace agreement. So, Santos government only passed Colombia peace agreement by parliamentary vote instead of the referendum. But some said “Colombia people refuse it. How can the Congress approve it?”(AFP)
But after two years, what happened in Mindanao?
After 2 years, 15,000 people are in line to greet the HWPL in Philipines. On 24 January 2016, Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) held an unveiling ceremony for the Monument to the Declaration of World Peace located in Sultan Kudarat, Maguindanao Province. This monument is the second HWPL Peace Monument to be erected in the Philippines. Also, the Chairman Al Haj Murad Ebrahim of MILF decided to designate January 24th of every year as ‘HWPL Day’. I think Colombia needs to learn ‘how HWPL achieves peace in Mindanao’.
MILF chairman of Al-Hajj Murad Ebrahim
“The Chairman Lee brought a really powerful message to achieve peace that we hope and desire. It means HWPL and MILF are partner for peace. Peace is not a matter confined to a single person but to every individual. Therefore anyone who is part of this global family must all become messengers of peace. Let us all participate and become the messengers of peace to pass on peace as an eternal legacy for the future generations!”
Third, Declaration of Peace and
Cessation of War (DPCW)
So far, international law has not ended the war. So many people had to suffer and be sad because there was no peace. They have the ‘Right to Peace’. In 2018, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) recognized the Universal Declaration does not include a separate article on “Right to Peace”. So HWPL is creating a new order for the world.
In order to fundamentally resolve international conflicts and crises, The HWPL international law peace committeewas founded to discuss ways to achieve peace through international law. It is composed of prominent legal experts of different nationalities. After three formal committee meetings, the DPCW was drafted. On March 14, 2016, 10 articles and 38 clauses of the Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War (DPCW) was declared. Currently, there is a worldwide campaign to introduce the DPCW to the United Nations. Now, they collected 734,055 signatures (as of October, 2017) and 173,170 people of 176 countries participated.
Law experts agreed that the DPCW is fully aligned with the UN Charter & the UDHRand this Declaration not only encapsulates and supports all of the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). People around the world want the DPCW to be adopted by UN. The new international peace law will change the history of mankind.
Of the past 3,400 years, humans have been entirely at peace for 268 of them, or just 8 percent of recorded history. There are 12,703battles since 2500 B.C. (created by a Dutch company LAB1100) Explore the map here. At least 108 million people were killed in wars in the twentieth century. Estimates for the total number killed in wars throughout all of human history range from 150 million to 1 billion. War causes universal misery. Wars made internally displaced people, refugees and casualties. “There was never a good War, or a bad Peace.” (Benjamin Franklin) “Who can compensate for the death of the youth? A Country? No one can do.” (Man hee Lee, Chairman of HWPL)
A Definite answer to peace : 10 Articles and 38 Clauses
Conflict prevention: encourages states to cooperate in gradual disarmament, repurpose weapon-manufacturing facilities for the benefit of humanity and develop friendly relations through mutual respect of the sovereign equality and right to self-determination of all States.
– Article 1 Prohibition of the threat or use of force
– Article 2 War potential
– Article 3 Friendly relations and the prohibition of acts of aggression
– Article 4 State boundaries
– Article 5 Self-determination
Conflict mediation: focuses on conflict mediation through reaffirming the role of international supervision organizations in maintaining international peace and security.
– Article 6 Dispute settlement
– Article 7 Right to self-defense
Securing sustainable peace: includes targets for the means of implementation
– Article 8 Freedom of religion
– Article 9 Religion, ethnic identity and peace
– Article 10 Spreading a culture of peace
Why ICAN won? ICAN is the abbreviation for International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons. They awarded “for its ground-breaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition of such weapons.” Successfully on 7 July 2017, The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) is adopted at the United Nations by a vote of 122-1! The ICAN said ‘TPNW‘ is “a landmark international agreement that outlaws, categorically, the worst weapons of mass destruction and establishes a pathway to their elimination.”
But since adoption, it was criticized for non-binding.
When voted of 122-1, one third of 193 U.N. member countries boycotted the vote. ‘Authorized’ nuclear nations, U.S, Russia, China, UK, France boycotted. Also ‘Unauthorized’ nuclear nations, India, Pakistan, Israel, North Korea boycotted. The number of actual signature is 53 countries.
The U.S. State Department said “Unfortunately, This treaty will not make the world more peaceful, will not result in the elimination of a single nuclear weapon, and will not enhance any state’s security.” Also the Britain and France said the prohibition wouldn’t work. The Russia said ‘It is the romance which is misleading but also dangerous.’ But the Norwegian Nobel Committee supported the ICAN‘s peace movement. It is important!!!
Nobel’s support is equal to that of the rest of the world.
What is the ICAN’s ground-breaking efforts?
NPT vs TPNW
TPNW contributed to the continued role of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), emphasizing its “vital role in promoting international peace and security”.
There is the distinction between states entitled to possess such weapons and non-nuclear weapon states in NPT. But in TPNW it is not.
The TPNW also forbids states party to the treaty from allowing “any stationing, installation or deployment” of nuclear weapons on their territory, a prohibition that is not explicitly included in the NPT.
States party to the TPNW are prohibited from conducting nuclear tests, while the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) has not yet entered into force.
Beyond Nuclear Disarmament
The purpose of the Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War (DPCW) is to end the war. If so, the nuclear disarmament is a natural consequence. Actually, DPCW has an article of elimination of nuclear weapons. I know many people think it is a naive desire. But the success of ICAN already show you that ‘the world wants peace’. We must keep the Nobel’s will.
DPCW Article 1 – Prohibition of the threat or use of force
3. States should prohibit any act or threat of violence, whatever its motives or purposes, that occurs for the advancement of an individual or collective criminal agenda.
DPCW Article 2 – War potential
2. States should not produce, assist in, encourage, or induce; the production of weapons of mass destruction, inter alia, chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons, or weapons capable of causing indiscriminate or widespread and unnecessary suffering, or weapons incompatible with international humanitarian law. 3. States should take measures to ensure that existing weapons of mass destruction, weapons capable of causing widespread and unnecessary suffering and weapons incompatible with international humanitarian law are gradually dismantled or destroyed. States should cooperate in disarmament and the reduction of arms stockpiles, ideally under international supervision. Decommissioned weapons manufacturing facilities should be repurposed, so that they may serve purposes that are beneficial to humanity in general.
The World supports the DPCW
In August, two African countries, eSwatini and Seychelles, officially proclaimed the National Solidarity Statement for the promotion of the DPCW. Also, the Central American Parliament (Diputados del Parlamento Centroamericano, PARLACEN), with 6 member-states, completed the official process of approval for the DPCW on January, 2018. The only thing left is the adoption of the DPCW as a UN resolution. I look forward to the support of the Nobel Committee.
Mr.PravinH.Parekh, President of the Confederation of Indian Bar
“Today one country saying ‘yes, Chairman Lee I accept your declaration’ is not enough, even 10 countries saying this is not good enough. Therefore, we need the United Nations.
In fact, the United Nations came out in 1948 from the Human Rights Declaration and that is a very good document but things have changed from 1948 until now and, therefore, it is necessary that the United Nations adopts the Declaration made by us…so that when the United Nations accepts it, it becomes binding to all the countries in the world.
That is the effort Chairman Lee had been doing and we should all support Chairman Lee in ensuring that this becomes a United Nations document.”
H.E. Gennady Burbulis
Former State Secretary of Russia and President of Baltic-Black Sea Forum
He declared support for the DPCW on behalf of the Baltic-Black Sea Board of Directors. He stated, “The MOU and MOA express our intention to work together in this important issue. Sometimes we can think that this problem or question of promoting peace is difficult or sometimes we can think that is very utopian, but we shouldn’t forget that there are many international or law organizations that unfortunately today, even the UN, do not function according to the purpose for which it was established.
So that brings the threats to all humanity…. We cannot ignore these facts. So, in our work together we should take into consideration this reality. With all of that, we eagerly support the DPCW and we really believe that it is a very important declaration,” reaffirming support for the adoption of the DPCW at the UN.